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Unformatted text preview: In later periods, the ancient Egyptians recognized three great pharaohs who had established three golden ages of Egyptian civilization these periods are known as the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms. These are times when Egypt was particularly powerful. The first was King Menes who, according to legend, originally unified the country and established the First Dynasty. Egyptologists now divide this first golden age into two periods, the Archaic Period (Early Dynastic) composed of Dynasties 1 and 2, and the Old King (Pyramid Age) made up of Dynasties 3-6. The other two rulers re-established unified rule following periods of political upheaval. These are the Middle kingdoms (Dynasties XI- XIII) and the New Kingdom (Dynasties XVIII-XX). There are three periods of major political upheaval in the pharaonic period. These are known as intermediate periods. The First Intermediate was a time of competing dynasties and civil war in Egypt. The Second Intermediate period saw the invasion of Lower Egypt by Asiatics from Syria and Palestine and the...
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- Spring '09