pyramid

Pyramid - Jean Franois Champollion(1790-1832 deciphered Egyptian Hieroglyphs The Rosetta Stone-Decree of Ptolemy V-key to decipher Egyptian writing

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Jean François Champollion (1790-1832) deciphered Egyptian Hieroglyphs The Rosetta Stone-Decree of Ptolemy V-key to decipher Egyptian writing systems -Trilingual inscription in Greek, Demotic, and Egyptian Hieroglyphs The Foundations of Egyptian Civilization Protodynastic (Early Dynastic) Period 1st Dynasty (3100-2890 BC) 2nd Dynasty (2890-2686 BC) Old Kingdom (Pyramid Age) Dynasties 3-8 First Intermediate Period The Narmer Palette-dark green slate depicts Narmer (Menes?) unifying Egypt -Discovered 1898 by Englishman Quibell and Green. -found between 2 walls of an Old/Middle Kingdom temple -Palettes and carved maceheads Mastaba (Stone bench-arabic) Tombs serdab - It was a fairly simple tomb type consisting of 2 parts: 1.) superstructure=the offerings chapel and storage rooms. 2.) deepest=burial shaft -sometimes bordered/flanked by chambers used to house funerary trappings. -earliest mastabas, deceased and their funerary trappings were lowered in from above before a roof was constructed. -mastaba of Den at Saqqara (mid 1 st dynasty), built an access corridor that leads to burial chamber-to bury deceased after died and add more elaborate decoration during life The Pyramid Age Greek= pyramis , Egyptian= mer Royal monuments of Old Kingdom and Middle Kingdom The pyramid is the principal monument, but not the only element, of ‘funerary complex’. This complex protected the royal mummy and helped the pharaoh achieve and maintain his existence in the afterlife. A key component was a cult to the dead ruler. Stepped and true pyramids—evolutionary sequence; 1) Mastabas 2) Stepped Pyramids The Stepped Pyramid of Djoser 3) Failed attempts at constructing true pyramids
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Problem achieving the proper angle of inclination and preventing structural failure in the burial chamber. 4) True Pyramids
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2010 for the course AR 100 taught by Professor Danti during the Spring '09 term at BU.

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Pyramid - Jean Franois Champollion(1790-1832 deciphered Egyptian Hieroglyphs The Rosetta Stone-Decree of Ptolemy V-key to decipher Egyptian writing

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