The Aegean Bronze Age

The Aegean Bronze Age - The Aegean Bronze Age Turkey Crete...

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The Aegean Bronze Age Turkey Crete Greece Hellespont Peloponnese spread of civilization from the Near East (Egypt and Mesopotamia) to Europe Economy -Poor soils -Grapes, olives, sheep, wheat and fishing -Exports-olive oil, wine, and wool -Important tradition of fine craftsmanship — ceramics and stone carving. The Aegean Bronze Age Middle Bronze Age 2000-1600 BC The Minoan Civilization and the Island of Crete Site of Knossos Late Bronze Age 1600-1200 BC The Mycenaean Civilization and Mainland Greece-conquered Minoans -time of semi-legendary events-the Iliad and the Odyssey (Mycenaeans in Turkey) Sites of Mycenae, Troy, Pylos, Tiryns, Orchomenos The collapse of 1200 BC-all across eastern Mediterranean Almost all major states collapse Attributed to the ‘Sea Peoples’ The end of the Bronze Age The Beginning of Aegean Archaeology-19 th and 20 th centuries-driven by desire from Greek textual sources -Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey (Written in 8th to 7th centuries-based on older stories) -Focus on search for Troy (Ilion/Ilium) in NW Turkey Schliemann-Excavator of Troy, Mycenae, and Tiryns -1868 Ithaka, der Peloponnesus und Troja. -Hissarlik=Troy -stole idea from Frank Calvert-partner-owns Eastern part of site (20 years) Hissarlik-The Troad Schliemann’s Attack on Troy -assumes lowest level=the city of Priam and Hector (Troy I/II)-tears through upper 8 levels (but is in upper levels)-focuses on area of earliest fortification wall -1873 Schliemann finds “Priam’s Treasure”
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The Aegean Bronze Age - The Aegean Bronze Age Turkey Crete...

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