The Destruction of Pompeii

The Destruction of Pompeii - The Destruction of Pompeii The...

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The Destruction of Pompeii The Bay of Naples and Campania: Agriculture -Soils enriched with volcanic ash-Sarno River -Overland/ Sea Trade Pompeii: Early Origins The Oscans (800-750 BC)-1 st to settle at Pompeii-language spoken until 80 BC Greek colonization-Ionian Greeks settle (8th century) founded the towns Cumae, Puteoli, Neapolis, and Herculaneum fortify Pompeii- port for trading with people inland The Samnites (4 th Century)- conquer Campania Join forces with Gauls and Etruscans, but defeated by the Romans-The Samnite War (343–290 BC) -Campania incorporated into the Roman Empire Pompeii: The Social Wars (90–88 BC)-join revolt against Rome-Roman Gen. Sulla besieges Pompeii Effects on Pompeii not conquered—peace declared before Sulla can defeat loses many self-governing rights est. military colony of Cornelia Veneria Pompeii and Herculaneum become Roman vacation spots, commercial hubs, and “retirement communities” Rome in 79 AD Augustus=1
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The Destruction of Pompeii - The Destruction of Pompeii The...

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