Politics 201 Notes

Politics 201 Notes - Politics 201 Notes January 18th, 2007...

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Politics 201 Notes January 18 th , 2007 Out of 100 People Worldwide Nationality Other - 60 Asian - 50 malnurished - 12 European - 1 dying of starvation - 8 Latin American - 1 near death from disease - 14 African - 80 live in sub-standard housing - 1 Canadian - 24 have no electricity - 5 American - 76 only have lighting Christian - 67 are illiterate - 33 Christian - 1 has a college education - 67 non-Christian - 33 have clean water Skin Color - 1 has HIV - 82 non-white - 7 have the internet - 18 white - 5 control 32% of the worlds wealth - 500 million people have been through famine, been imprisoned, or have been tortured - 3 billion people have gone to prison or been tortured for going to church, synagogue, etc - 75% of the world has no shoes or no money - we are the richest 8% of the world - 2 billion illiterates Declaration of Independence - independence from England - July 4, 1776 - States fought on their own Constitution - limitation of power - different lengths, forms, interpretations - flexible for generations Functions - gives us an organization - power to government - basic rights – bill of rights o don’t judge people - symbol of the country History - 1215 – Magna Carta o government exists with people’s consent - 1670 – John Locke o we have a contract with the government (social compact) - Jefferson and Franklin draft the Declaration of Independence
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- Jefferson and Franklin were deists (higher law, men created equal) - Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness - “Bound by laws” – in the Declaration - Revolutionary war was only won because of the help of the French - How do you build a government? Shay’s Rebellion - “better off under Britain” - a sign that we need to change the government very soon Articles of Confederation - states = power - each state has equal representation - central government has very little power - no president or chief executive officer - needed unanimous consent to do anything - states had separate cultures just like today - which means unanimous consent would never happen - articles = a failure A country needs (at least): - security - currency - after Shay’s rebellion, we gather at Annapolis to amend the articles - this doesn’t work - we then go to Philadelphia in 1787 o secrecy - Virginia Plan = strong national government - New Jersey Plan = strong state government
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Politics 201 Notes - Politics 201 Notes January 18th, 2007...

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