Ch_19_Lecture - Key Questions What characterized the...

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Key Questions: What characterized the subjugation of Native Americans in the West, their confinement to reservations, and the attempted destruction of their culture? What characterized the integration of the West into the national economy through the construction of the transcontinental railroads? What characterized the flood of migrants to the West in the late 19th century seeking work as railroad workers, miners, cowboys, and farmers? How was mining, ranching, and farming in the West transformed from individual pursuits to corporate enterprises?
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Subjugating Native Americans Tribes and cultures Throughout the West, Native Americans had adapted their lifestyles and cultures to the environment. The most numerous groups lived on the Great Plains and the Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapaho, and Comanches were the largest. All tribes stressed community welfare over individual interest. White and Native American values were incompatible.
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Subjugating Native Americans, cont’d. Federal Indian policy In the 1830s, the federal government policy was to separate whites and Indians, moving Native Americans west of the Mississippi River. Expanding white settlement devastated the Native Americans who already were competing with each other for limited resources on the Plains. By the early 1850s, white settlers sought to occupy Indian territory and the land for the railroad further cut into Indian land. The federal government implemented the reservation system to relocate tribes, promising annual provisions in return.
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Subjugating Native Americans, cont’d. Warfare and dispossession Larger tribes resisted the U.S. government plan and warfare swept the West from the 1850s to the 1880s. White aggression sometimes led to the massacres.
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Ch_19_Lecture - Key Questions What characterized the...

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