Ch_22_Lecture - Key Questions: Why did the United States...

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Key Questions: Why did the United States become an imperial power in the 1890s? What caused the Spanish-American war and what characterized the colonial empire the United States gained as a result? What characterized U. S. involvement in Asia and the tensions with Japan that resulted? What characterized U. S. predominance in the Caribbean and Latin America?
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The Roots of Imperialism Ideological arguments Scholars, authors, religious leaders, and politicians supplied related arguments for American imperialism that combined social Darwinism, a belief in racial inequality and Anglo- Saxon superiority, evangelical Christianity, and Manifest Destiny. Strategic concerns Mahan stressed the importance of a strong navy. Economic designs Another rationale for expansion was to expand and protect America’s international trade. The depression of the 1890s strengthened the foreign trade argument.
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First Steps Seward and Blaine Secretaries of State William H. Seward and James G. Blaine paved the way for the larger U. S.presence in world affairs. Seward purchased Alaska, approved the occupation of Midway Island, and pushed American trade on Japan. Blaine helped establish the Pan-American Union. He thought Hawaii was an indispensable part of the American system. Hawaii Treaties integrated the Hawaiian islands into the American economy and gave the U. S. control over Pearl Harbor. An 1893 attempt to take over Hawaii stimulated a debate that foreshadowed later arguments over imperialism. Map: United States Expansion in the Pacific, p. 701.
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First Steps, cont’d. Chile and Venezuela Tense relations between the United States and Chile arose over the U. S. support of a failed revolution were heightened over an incident with drunken sailors. In 1895, a boundary dispute between Great Britain and
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Ch_22_Lecture - Key Questions: Why did the United States...

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