Intro Community NTRF10

Intro Community NTRF10 - Opportunities in Opportunities in...

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Unformatted text preview: Opportunities in Opportunities in Community Nutrition The Concept of Community The Concept of Community 4 components include: people, a location in space social interaction shared values. Community Community Global National Regional Local The Concept of Community The Concept of Community Focus of community nutrition: People Policy: course of action chosen by authorities to address a given problem accomplished through laws, regulations, and programs. Programs: instruments used for behavior changes or to achieve certain goals Public Health and Community Public Health and Community Interventions Scope of public health infectious diseases chronic diseases, such as heart disease, stroke, and cancer, that kill 7 of every 10 Americans each year. Leading Causes of Death Leading Causes of Death United States, 1900 Leading Causes of Death Leading Causes of Death United States, 2002 and 2005 The Concept of Health The Concept of Health World Health Organization Definition: a state of complete physical, mental and social well­ being, not just absence of disease What factors influence health? Former CDC Director William Foege Actual causes of death Types of Types of Prevention/Intervention Primary prevention aims to control risk factors and prevent disease, e.g., immunization, health ed Considered most cost effective Secondary prevention detects disease early through screening and other forms of risk appraisal. negative outcome without treatment Disease not yet clinically apparent (often long latency) Concerned with disease that has significant risk for Tertiary prevention treats and rehabilitates people with an illness or injury, to minimize negative effects and prevent complications What kind of prevention? What kind of prevention? Cholesterol screening at a local health fair Teaching the Food Guide Pyramid Counseling a newly diagnosed diabetic Bone densitometry test Blood pressure monitoring Seat belts, bike helmets, condoms Breast self exam Colonoscopy Review Review Primary ­ promotes health, prevents onset Secondary ­early disease detection can affect long term course of disease Tertiary ­ care of established disease Health Objectives ­ U.S. Health Objectives ­ U.S. Healthy People 2010: Understanding and Improving Health. Coordinated by Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Dept. of HHS Currently working on HP 2020 Healthy People 2010 Healthy Document includes two broad goals and 467 specific, measurable targets or objectives to be achieved by 2010. Goal 1 ­ increase quality and years of healthy life. Goal 2 ­ eliminate health disparities. 4 HP 2020 Overarching 4 HP 2020 Overarching Goals Eliminate preventable disease, disability, injury and premature death Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve health of all groups promote good health for all Create social and physical environments that Continued 4 HP 2020 Overarching 4 HP 2020 Overarching Goals Promote healthy development and healthy behaviors across every stage of life. Community Nutrition Community Nutrition Practice Job responsibilities Data gathering Issues involving policy, program management, and how to use scarce resources Determining effectiveness of programs Community Nutrition Community Nutrition Practice Community Community vs Public Health NTR Community nutrition broader term includes any nutrition program whose target is the community. community­based programs conducted by a government agency. ex. U.S. Public Health Service Public health nutrition refers to 0 Community Nutrition Community Nutrition Practice Educational Requirements Minimum requirements include a bachelor’s degree in community nutrition, foods and nutrition, or dietetics from an accredited college or university. Many community jobs require RD status Community Nutrition Community Nutrition Practice Licensure of Nutrition Professionals Licensure of nutrition professionals is designed to protect the public, control malpractice, and ensure minimum standards of practice. 46 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico have enacted some form of licensure law. ...
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