stout - WORLD WAR II MEETINGS OF FDR AND CHURCHILL I....

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WORLD WAR II MEETINGS OF FDR AND CHURCHILL I. Introduction President Franklin Roosevelt of the United States and Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain met numerous times during World War II. Some of these meetings included Joseph Stalin of Russia. During this lesson, we will be looking at selected meetings, examining the agenda of each leader and analyzing the results. We will be looking at some of the original newspaper and magazine articles as well as writings from the participants and other official sources. Each student will assume the role of a participant, research the information and either role-play or report on the results. II. Guiding Question As the war conferences proceeded, was there a change in the relationship between FDR and Churchill? If so, what were the changes? If not, why not? III. Objectives 1. Upon completion of this lesson, students should be able to describe the meetings during World War II between FDR and Churchill. 2. Upon completion of this lesson, students should be able to describe the agenda of each meeting. 3. Upon completion of this lesson, students should be able to explain how each pursued his own agenda and what compromises were made. IV. Background Information for the Teacher During World War II, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill formulated allied grand strategy at a series of high-level conferences held in Argentia, Washington, DC, Casablanca, Quebec, Cairo, Tehran, Yalta, and Potsdam. At the Tehran, Yalta, and Potsdam conferences, the Russian leader, Joseph Stalin, also played a major role. Under policy guidance from their national leaders, the newly formed US Joint Chiefs of Staff and their British counterparts, known collectively as the Combined Chiefs of Staff, hammered out the military details of allied strategy. RIVIERA (Argentia, Newfoundland, 9-12 August 1941) This was the first meeting with the two as Heads of State. Note that, whereas Roosevelt was both Head of State and Head of Government, churchill was only Head of Government (Head of State being King George VI). At his meeting what is known as the Atlantic Charter was established. Both leaders agreed to support free government throughout the world, and tyranny was not the answer in solving international disputes.
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ARCADIA (Washington, D.C., 24 December 1941-14 January 1942). Roosevelt, Churchill, and the U.S. and British Chiefs of Staff conducted their first post-Pearl Harbor strategy conference. The political leaders drafted and signed the Declaration of the United Nations. The military chiefs discussed an invasion of North Africa, completed arrangements for American forces to relieve British troops in Iceland and Northern Ireland, made plans for American reinforcement of the South Pacific, and set up a combined allied command for Southeast Asia. SYMBOL (Casablanca, Morocco, 14-23 January 1943). This was the first of the great Allied
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2010 for the course HIS 12001 taught by Professor Vincentlee during the Fall '10 term at St.Francis College.

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stout - WORLD WAR II MEETINGS OF FDR AND CHURCHILL I....

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