poli 316 japan china and s africa notes

poli 316 japan china and s africa notes - Japan Impact of...

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Japan Impact of the Past - 3000 islands - cold, no gulf stream - 4 main islands: Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku - Kuril Islands were taken by Russia Language and Writing - autocthonous – comes from itself but nothing else - 3 sets of scripts - Chinese pictographs - Japanese syllables - Syllabary for foreign words - Common use of English Ethnology - kinship group - nation-state - ethno-centrism - 125 million but static Religion - secularism - Confucianism - Buddhism - Shintoism - NATIONAL RELIGION - Christian minority Health - longevity is 81.6 years - public health care - diet and exercise - portions - brown rice The Japanese Economy - US = $37,750 - Japan = $26,940 Value Added Economy - import raw materials - import gas, etc. - manufacture something - sell it to someone else Japan: The Ancient Kingdom - Nippon o “people of the sun” o what the Japanese call themselves - Japanese Fuedalism - 600s – Samurai, Shogun, and Emperor
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o was also unified in the 600s - 1200s – Samurai defended Japan from the Mongols - Policy of Xenophobia - 1500s – resistance to European Penetration - sailboats helped spread Europeans Out of Isolation - 1600s to mid 1800s is called “edo” o or the golden age of isolationism - 1853 – Commondore Perry’s visit - opened Japan to the west Modernization - 1868 – the Meiji Restoration o “Guided modernization” on Japanese terms o during this they went through rapid industrialization - 1898 – Westminster system – British-style constitution - statist economic policy o feeling that the government needs to direct the economy and make sure it succeeds, but not necessarily own it Colonialism and Fascism - 1895 – Conquest of Taiwan from China - 1905 – Victory in Russo-Japanese war - 1910 – Korean Colonization - 1912-26 – move toward domestic democracy under Emperor Tausho Hirohito - 1926-1989 - Racist/Nationalist and militarist thinking The March Toward War - US imperialism - Conflicts with the US over China - 1931- Japanese conquest of Manchuria - 1936 – anti-comintern (anti-russian) alliance with germany and italy - US oil and steel embargo (1938) - 1940- formal joining of axis powers - 12/7/1941 – pearl harbor attack o day of infamy o cognitive isolation - war ends 9/2/1945 From enemy to Protectorate - The Macarthur constitution - US occupation 1945-1948 - Disarmament - US bases during Korean war (1950-1953) Phony Federalism - 43 prefectures
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- 4 metro districts - elected governors and legislatures but meager tax base
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poli 316 japan china and s africa notes - Japan Impact of...

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