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Study Guide - Exam 1

Study Guide - Exam 1 - UN Millennium Development Goals 1...

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UN Millennium Development Goals. 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 2. Achieve universal primary education 3. Promote gender equality and empower women 4. reduce child mortality 5. Improve maternal health 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases 7. ensure environmental sustainability 8. develop a global partnership for development Declaration of Human Rights - 1. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights 2. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind 3. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. 4. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude. 5. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Chapter 1: The Environmental Dilemmas We Face When did world population reach these billions? 1 = 1820; 2 = 1927; 3 = 1960; 4 = 1975; 5 = 1987; 6 = 1999 At what number do experts think world population will ‘plateau’? 9-12 billion How is population connected to the environment? What are some defining characteristics of ‘developed’ countries? Of ‘developing’ countries? Highly developed - complex industrialized cases, low rates of population growth, high per capita incomes; high rate of consumption Moderately Developed – medium level of industrialization; per capita incomes lower than HDC’s Less Developed – low level of industrialization; high fertility rate; very high IMR; very low per capita income; cheap unskilled labor; economy is agriculturally based; hunger, disease and illiteracy is common. Natural resource depletion. Environmental Science interdisciplinary; broad field; ecology is the basic tool; goals to establish general principles about how the natural world functions; identifying, understanding and solving problems. NIMBO and NIMTOO – not in my backyard and not in my office Stewardship = shared responsibility What is environmental sustainability? What does it mean? What are some examples of sustainable and non-sustainable behavior (individuals, corporations, governments…)? it is the ability to meet humanity’s current needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. How does your text define poverty? a condition in which people are unable to meet their basic needs for food, clothing, shelter, education or health What does poverty have to do with the question of sustainability? The poor need to increase their level of usage so that we are all equal + population factors
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