HISTSTUDYNEW - Adams, John The second President of the...

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Adams, John The second President of the United States (1797–1801). He also served as America's first Vice President (1789–1797). He was defeated for re-election in the " Revolution of 1800 " by Thomas Jefferson . Adams was also the first President to reside in the newly-built White House in Washington, D.C. , which was completed in 1800 . During the presidential campaign of 1796 Adams was the presidential candidate of the Federalist Party and Thomas Pinckney , the Governor of South Carolina , his running mate. The Alien and Sedition Acts were enacted in 1798 during his presidency to help deal with the naval wars. He represented the Continental Congress in Europe. He was a major negotiator of the eventual peace treaty with Great Britain, and chiefly responsible for obtaining the loans from the Amsterdam money market necessary for the conduct of the Revolution. Adams, John Quincy was the son of United States President John Adams and Abigail Adams . He is most famous as a diplomat involved in many international negotiations, and for formulating the Monroe Doctrine . Adams served as Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President James Monroe from 1817 until 1825, a tenure during which he was instrumental in the acquisition of Florida . In 1825 he was named president after beating Jackson in a runoff in the House. He appointed John C. Calhoun as Vice President. During his term as president he called for bold national leadership. he worked on developing Henry Clay’s American System , consisting of a high tariff in 1828 to support internal improvements such as road-building, and a national bank to encourage productive enterprise and form a national currency, establishment of a national university in Washington, extensive scientific explorations in the Far West, and a uniform standard of weights and measures. Most of his initiatives were opposed in Congress by Jackson 's supporters, who remained outraged over the 1824 election. Alien and Sedition Acts 1798; in the Alien Act, the president can order the deportation of any enemy alien out of the country. The sedition act is defined as a high conspiracy the attempt to undermine authority; the govt. is working in an unlawful matter. Ordered the jailing of newspaper editors that published the editorials of the naval war and jailing them was a violation of the first amendment (freedom of speech). These were both Adam’s pieces of legislation; he sought to get these two passed and did in 1798. Thomas Jefferson held them all to be unconstitutional and void, then pardoned and ordered the release of all who had been convicted of violating them. The Democratic-Republicans used criticism over the Acts in order to help seal Jefferson’s victory for reelection over John Adams in 1801. American System
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2010 for the course HIST 2055 taught by Professor Sheehan during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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HISTSTUDYNEW - Adams, John The second President of the...

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