12 Vocab - Asia from 1500 to 1800

12 Vocab - Asia from 1500 to 1800 - Chapter 12 Asia from...

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The Gunpowder Empires (Southwest and South Asia) Akbar : was the grandson of Babur (reigned 1556-1605). Akbar took personal control of the government, and made it a centralized administrative structure with ministries regulating the various provinces of the empire. Deeply interested in philosophy and pursued a policy of religious toleration aimed at reducing tensions between Hindu and Muslim communities, he encouraged a syncretic religion called the Divine Faith that focused attention on the emperor as a ruler common to all the religious, ethnic and social groups of India Aurangzeb (1659 to 1707): was the Mughal Emperor under whom the empire reached its greatest extent under. During his long reign Aurangzeb waged a relentless campaign to push Mughal authority deep into southern India. By the early 18th century, he ruled all of India except the very tip. But his rule was troubled by rebellions and religious tensions. He was a devout but inflexible Muslim and he broke with Akbar’s policy of religious toleration. To promote Islam he destroyed many Hindu temples and imposed the Jizya tax on Hindus causing deep hostilities among the Hindu population Babur (or the Tiger): was a nickname for Zahir al Din Muhammad, a Chagatai Turk soldier of fortune. In 1523 he invaded and conquered most of India and by his death in 1530 had built a loosely knit empire that stretched from Kabul through the Punjab to the borders of Bengal. He founded a dynasty called the Mughal which embraced almost all the Indian subcontinent. Bayezid II (the Just) (1481 – 1512) was the Ottoman Sultan and son of Mehmed the Conqueror who attacked the last Venetian outposts in Greece, was patron of both western and eastern culture and worked hard to ensure a smooth running of domestic politics. Guru Nanak : was the founder of Sikhism is an Indian monotheistic religion founded in the late 15th century Karim Khan : became shah in 1747 and founded the Zand dynasty. He was a compassionate and able ruler who governed wisely till is death in 1779. His successors were incompetent and after 1794 the Qajar Dynasty replaced them. Khayr al-Din Barbarossa Pasha : was a pirate who joined forces with Suleiman the Magnificent and became Suleiyman’s leading admiral challenging Christian vessels throughout the entire Mediterranean. Mehmed II or Mehmed the Conqueror: conquered Constantinople in 1453. Mehmed appreciated the city’s location and history and made Constantinople his capital, and named it Istanbul . Roxelana : was a concubine in the harem of Suleiman the Magnificent. Suleiman became infatuated with her and raised her to the status of legal wife and consulted her on state policies and even deferred to her judgment to the point of executing his oldest son for treason because Sultana wanted to secure the succession of her own son. Safi al-Din
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12 Vocab - Asia from 1500 to 1800 - Chapter 12 Asia from...

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