15 Vocab - The Americas in the Nineteenth Century

15 Vocab - The Americas in the Nineteenth Century - The...

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The Americas in the Nineteenth Century Meriwether Lewis and William Clark : were commissioned by the United States government to survey and map the newly acquired territory of the Louisiana Purchase. Simon Bolivar (1783-1830): was hailed as a liberator in Latin America and worked especially hard for the establishment of a large confederation (Gran Colombia ) that would provide Latin America with the political, military, and economic strength to resist encroachment by foreign powers. John A. Macdonald : was the first prime minister of Canada (1815-1891) and moved to incorporate all of British North American into the Dominion. Macdonald negotiated the Purchase of the Northwest Territories from the Hudson Bay Company in 1869 and persuaded Manitoba, British Columbia and Prince Edward Island to join the Dominion. He oversaw the construction of the transcontinental railroad completed in 1885. Louis Riel (1844-1885): emerged as the leader of the Métis and indigenous peoples in western Canada. Assumed the presidency of a provisional government in 1870 and negotiated the incorporation of the province of Manitoba in the Canadian Dominion. In the 1880s the Canadian Pacific Railroad renewed the threat of white settlement harmful to indigenous and Métis society. Riel led resistance to the railroad and the government known as the Northwest Rebellion . The Canadian Mounted Police quickly defeated the rebels and Riel was executed. Riel’s execution had a profound effect on Canadian society. It particularly made the French suspicious of the British and it foreshadowed a long period of cultural conflict between Canada’s major ethnic groups. Juan Manuel de Rosas : was a Caudillo who ruled a badly divided Argentina from 1835 to 1852. He was called the “ Machiavelli of the Pampas ,” but he kept order in a country torn between the urban elite of Buenos Aires and the rancher elites of the pampas. Rafael Carrera : was a Caudillo who ruled Guatemala from 1839 to 1865 and was a populist who sincerely tried to help the Indian majority. Santa Ana : was the Mexican Caudillo and general who lost Texas and was defeated by the U. S. in the Mexican War. Benito Juarez (1806-1872): led the wave of the liberal reform movement on which he rose in response to the discontent with the Mexican American war. Juarez attempted to reshape Mexican society with La Reforma in which he called for " Tierra y Libertad ," land and liberty, which would endow Mexicans with the means to make a living and enable them to participate in political affairs. Pofirio Diaz
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15 Vocab - The Americas in the Nineteenth Century - The...

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