18 Vocab - The Great War_ 1914 - 1919

18 Vocab - The Great War_ 1914 - 1919 - Chapter 18: The...

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Chapter 18: The Great War, The Great Tragedy Ali Hussein was the sherif of Mecca and the king of the Hejaz (reigned 1856-1931). He united the nomadic Bedouin tribes and, abetted by the British (T. E. Lawrence), he overthrew Ottoman rule. Archduke Francis Ferdinand was the Austrian archduke whose assassination at the hands of extreme Serbian nationalists set off the tragedy World War I. Otto von Bismarck : was the architect of the modern system of Alliances. His goal was to make it impossible for France to seek revenge for its defeat in the Franco Prussian War of 1870. In 1882, he engineered an alliance between Italy, Austria and Germany. This was the famous Triple Alliance. Edward VII was the son of Queen Victoria and King of England from 1901 to 1910. He saw the danger of German militarism and so he engineered an agreement with France (the Entente Cordiale ) in 1904 and Russia in 1907. These agreements grew into the Triple Entente , which became a military alliance in the summer of 1914. Paul von Hindenburg and Erich Ludendorff : were the German generals who in 1914 won a brilliant victory at Tannenberg and in one battle almost knocked Russia out of the war. T.E. Lawrence of Arabia was a British adventurer, soldier, and author who worked for British intelligence and served as military advisor among the Arabs. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin : was the revolutionary Marxist who organized the industrial proletariat of Russia into a highly disciplined revolutionary force and political power. Alexander Kerensky : was the head of the Provisional Government in Russia between the February and October Revolutions of 1917. He foolishly refused to end the war and paved the way for the Bolshevik Revolution in October. Nicholas II was the last tsar of the Russian empire (reigned 1868-1918). His administration of the war was disastrous. In February 1917, Russia was so decimated that he was forced to step down in the February Revolution. Wilfred Owen
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2010 for the course HISTORY History 13 taught by Professor Kamber during the Fall '10 term at Glendale Community College.

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18 Vocab - The Great War_ 1914 - 1919 - Chapter 18: The...

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