20 Vocab - War and Cold War_ 1939-1945

20 Vocab - War and Cold War_ 1939-1945 - Chapter 20: World...

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Chapter 20: World War II and the Early Cold War Significant Individuals Neville Chamberlain was the British Prime Minister who (along with Edouard Daladier of France) sought to appease Adolf Hitler at the Munich Conference of 1938. Driven by Pacifism (opposition to war brought by the horror of World War I) Britain and France agreed to let Germany have the Sudetenland in exchange for Hitler’s promise to expand no further. Chamberlain called this Peace in Our Time . In reality, Peace in our time, destroyed Collective Security, angered Stalin, betrayed the Czechs and encouraged Hitler to think the West was afraid to fight. It was appeasement at its worst. Winston Churchill was the leader of Great Britain during World War II. His famous quote during the dark days of the Battle of Britain was, “Churchill's speeches were a great inspiration to the embattled British. His first speech as Prime Minister was the famous " I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat " speech. He followed that closely with two other equally famous ones, given just before the Battle of Britain. One included the immortal line, " We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender ." The other included the equally famous " Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties, and so bear ourselves that, if the British Empire and its Commonwealth last for a thousand years, men will still say, 'This was their finest hour .' " Dwight D. Eisenhower was the top allied commander in Europe. He was in charge of opened the main allied ( D-day ) attack in Normandy on the French coast on June 6, 1944. His forces overcame stubborn German resistance and swept across France toward Germany in a steady, bloody but victorious push. Francisco Franco began the Spanish Civil War in 1936 when he led a military uprising against the democratically elected, left-leaning (pro-communist) government. Mussolini and Hitler helped him and Stalin helped the government or republican forces. Britain and France failed to help the republican forces which embittered Stalin. More than 600,000 people would be killed before Franco wins in 1939. Franco never joins the Axis and remains neutral in WWII. He died in 1976. Adolf Hitler was dictator of Germany. After World War I he became leader of the Nationalist Socialist German Workers’ Party . Hitler promised a new order that would lead Germany to greatness. Stressing radical doctrines, particularly anti-Semitism and anti-communism, he legally won the chancellorship of Germany. But once in power, Hitler established himself as an absolute dictator within months. In 1939, he disregarded the appeasement policy signed at Munich and led Germany into war by invading Poland. He committed suicide as Soviet troops invaded Berlin in 1945.
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2010 for the course HISTORY History 13 taught by Professor Kamber during the Fall '10 term at Glendale Community College.

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20 Vocab - War and Cold War_ 1939-1945 - Chapter 20: World...

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