class35-DigitalLaw

class35-DigitalLaw - Digital Law Disclaimer I am not an...

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Digital Law
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Disclaimer I am not an expert in this area.
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"Blown to Bits" The source of this lecture I highly recommend!
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Part 1: Copyright
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When I was young I used to copy music off the radio onto cassette tapes, and to think about all the copies of that music . ..
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Analog vs. Digital These were analog copies--not digital. What are the advantages of digital technology? Analog: takes time to make imperfect copies Digital: instant perfect copies
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Copying Music Is it legal for the purchaser of a CD to copy it for a friend? 70% of teenagers believe it is. Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA): purchaser may copy music only for themselves (What does that mean?)
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Original U.S. Copyright Law 1790 prohibit unauthorized copying of books, maps, and charts What is the purpose of copyright? To motivate authors to create new work
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The Crime of Infringement 1897: infringement becomes a crime Crime to infringe "for the purpose of commercial advantage or private financial gain"
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Infringement Fines 1976: Minimum award per infringement? $750
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Sony v. Universal Studios 1984 Motion Picture Association of America sued Sony for selling device that supported secondary infringement: The VCR Outcome? Supreme Court sided with Sony, because VCR has "substantial noninfringing uses"
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The File Server Model Files are stored on a central server.
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1994: MIT File Server MIT student charged as criminal, for hosting file server for exchanging copyrighted software. Outcome? Case dismissed: no profit motive = no crime
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No Electronic Theft (NET) Act 1997 Crime to copy over $1000, regardless of motive
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Napster Server only maintains directory. Files exchanged directly between clients. File Name IP Addresses abba.mp3 ... zztop.mp3 192.1.2.3 ... 18.4.5.6
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Are Napster users guilty of copyright infringement? Is Napster guilty of infringement?
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2010 for the course CS 15-100 taught by Professor Dave during the Spring '08 term at Carnegie Mellon.

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class35-DigitalLaw - Digital Law Disclaimer I am not an...

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