Philosophy 301 Test 2 Review

Philosophy 301 Test 2 Review - Test 2 Review (Class) 20:09...

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Test 2 Review (Class) 20:09 Plato Warrant is justification (purely internal) Knowledge is justified true beliefs Trilemma for this kind of internalism o Classical foundationalism: some beliefs are self justifying You can know something only if you can justify your belief, that is,  explain why it must be true Your explanation must rely on other things you know Regress steps: there must be a foundation of basic items (“the given”)  known directly o Coherentism: web of belief; there is no “given” Knowledge has no foundation o Direct realist: sensations are the “given”, justify beliefs Augustine Argues against skepticism “I think, I am, I love”  Things I can know even if the skeptic is out to get me.  “If I am deceived, I am.” Logic and mathematics are true even if the skeptic is right Truths about appearances are safe from the skeptic: o Things look like….they appear capable for us Perception is normally accurate; Don’t worry about the weird cases Zhuangzi Skeptic; Knowledge is impossible
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Quotes: o Butterfly- What is awake, what is dream o Banquet- Dream 1 thing, waking life is different o Monkey- Matter of perception, everything in eye of beholder Illusion: senses can be deceived Variability: individual, among species, etc o Variability, undecidability; No way to choose what is real Leibniz Rationalist Concept- there are innate ideas: we are not tabula rasa; there are veins o Unit, substance, action, motion, pleasure, pain, duration, change o Baby emerges with ability (latent) to do mathematics, etc 2 arguments for rationalism o Universality: particular does not imply general; Reason has to imply some  connection o Necessity: contingent does not imply necessary Locke Empiricist Concept: there are no innate ideas; all concepts come from experience o Mind is tabula rasa- blank slate Judgment: there are no synthetic A Priori truths; all knowledge comes from  experience Concept vs. Knowledge: concepts are ideas (keys, running, person, etc.),  knowledge is string of concepts (the keys are on a ring- propositions of  assertion)
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Simple/Complex Ideas Sensation/ Reflection Personal Identity: continuity of consciousness Hume Empiricist (similar to Locke) Impressions; Ideas; Simple/Complex Ideas; Internal/External Senses Different from Locke- Identity o There is no identity in the world; no underlying unity o Identity is projected onto the world by us; a matter of language; a  grammatical question 2 ships of Theseus- replace plank by plank- continuity of structure- 
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2010 for the course PHL 301 taught by Professor Bonevac during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Philosophy 301 Test 2 Review - Test 2 Review (Class) 20:09...

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