{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

L4

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Spring 2004 L4 Lecture 4 The Civil Service (A)Basic Principles of the Operation of the Civil Service in the West (a) Political neutrality( 政治中立 )—civil servants should only be responsible for implementation of policy. They should be value-neutral, their own political beliefs should not affect their work, and their positions should not be affected because of political changes. (b) Civil servants are guaranteed life tenure ( 終身聘用 ), so that they can be impartial ( 正無私 ) and do not have to fear political pressures. (c) Bureaucratic ( 科層 ) operation—strict hierarchy, with subordinates obeying the superior. Detailed division of labor and specialization. (d) Tasks are clearly defined by written rules. Civil servants have to work according to clear written rules and regulations in an impersonal manner. (e) Civil servants are on a fixed and structured salary scale. They have relatively good fringe benefits, good retirement benefits, and job security. This will help to attract talent and encourage civil servants to be incorrupt and work according to the rules. (B) The Generalist Dominated System The 11 bureaus ( 決策局 ) are responsible for policy-making in their respective areas. They will also oversee implementation and be accountable for the results. Each bureau controls several departments( ), about 60 in total, which are responsible for execution of the policies. The bureaus are staffed by administrative officers (AOs)( 政務官 ) —who are the core and cream of the bureaucratic polity. About 500 AOs assisted the POAS officials in decision-making. They are generalists who have all-rounded knowledge but not specialist knowledge, and good at language and presentation skills.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}