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Unformatted text preview: EXISTENTIALISM and HUMAN EMOTIONS BY JEAN-PAUL SARTRE A- CITADEL PRESS KENSINGTON PUBLISHING CORP www kensingtonbooks.com go Existentialism and Human Emotions of the world as a totality of being-in-itself, in the form of a fundamental quality. Every human reality is a passion in that it projects losing itself so as to found being and by the same stroke to constitute the In-itself which escapes contingency by being its own founda- tion, the E n s ca u sa su i, which religions call God. Thus the passion of man is the reverse of that of Christ, for man loses himself as man in order that God may be born. But the idea of God is contradictory and we lose ourselves in vain. Man is a useless passion. ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS ONTOLOGY itself can not formulate ethical pre- cepts. It is concerned solely with what is, and we can not possibly derive imperatives from ontology's indicatives. It does, however, allow us to catch a glimpse of what sort of ethics will assume its responsibilities when confronted with a hum an reality in situation. Ontology has revealed to us, in fact, the origin and the na- ture of v a l u e ; we have seen that value is the la ck in relation to which the for-itself deter- mines its being as a lack . By the very fact that the for-itself ex ists, as we have seen, value arises to haunt its being-for-itself. It follows that the various tasks of the for-itself can be made the object of an existential psychoanalysis, for they all aim at producing the missing synthesis of consciousness and being in the form of value or self-cause. Thus existential psychoanalysis is m ora l d escrip tion , for it releases to us the ethical meaning of various human projects. It indicates to us the necessity of abandoning the psychology of interest along with any utilita- rian interpretation of human conduct by re- vealing to us the id ea l meaning of all human attitudes....
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This note was uploaded on 09/16/2010 for the course PHIL 206 taught by Professor Draper during the Spring '08 term at Purdue.
- Spring '08