Mod7-2Ontological - Module VI Session 17 The Ontological Argument Read Stewart 122-130 St Anselm Proslogion chap 2-4 • Revelation(sacred

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Module VI Module VI Session 17 Session 17 The Ontological Argument The Ontological Argument Read Stewart: 122 Read Stewart: 122 - - 130 130
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
St. Anselm, St. Anselm, Proslogion Proslogion , chap. 2 , chap. 2 - - 4 4 Revelation (sacred scripture, faith Revelation (sacred scripture, faith - - claim) claim) A “fool” says in his or her heart: “There is no God.” (Psalm 14:1 and 53:1) Reason (natural theology) Reason (natural theology) God is “a being than which nothing greater can be conceived.” (St. Anselm)
Background image of page 2
Definitions Used By The Ontological Argument Definitions Used By The Ontological Argument Ontology Ontology = theory, science, or philosophy of reality (or being, everything there is) GREATER GREATER = not bigger or fatter but “more perfect” THE MOST PERFECT BEING THERE IS THE MOST PERFECT BEING THERE IS (Let us say we looked, took an inventory, and found one that is the most perfect of all, would this being necessarily be “God”?) THE MOST PERFECT CONCEIVABLE BEING THE MOST PERFECT CONCEIVABLE BEING (if we could find such being, this by definition would be “God”) “GOD GOD ” IS THAT BEING WHO IS SO PERFECT THAT NO MORE PERFECT BEING IS THAT BEING WHO IS SO PERFECT THAT NO MORE PERFECT BEING COULD BE CONCEIVED COULD BE CONCEIVED ** EXISTENCE EXISTENCE BELONGS TO THE NOTION OF THE MOST PERFECT BELONGS TO THE NOTION OF THE MOST PERFECT CONCEIVABLE BEING OR A BEING THAN NOTHING GREATER CAN BE CONCEIVABLE BEING OR A BEING THAN NOTHING GREATER CAN BE CONCEIVED CONCEIVED ASEITY ASEITY = necessary being, self-existing being (cf. ens causa sui ) ** CONTINGENCY CONTINGENCY (vs. NECESSITY ) = something that can but need not exist ** These notions found in f/ and g/ will be used also by the cosmological arguments
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Two Forms Of St. Anselm Two Forms Of St. Anselm ’s Ontological Argument s Ontological Argument A/ Chapter 2 of St. Anselm A/ Chapter 2 of St. Anselm ’s s Proslogion Proslogion 1/ X either exists in mind only or both in mind and in reality. 2/ We have the innate idea of X as the most perfect conceivable being. 3/ Hence the most perfect conceivable being must exist both in mind
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/16/2010 for the course PHIL 206 taught by Professor Draper during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

Page1 / 9

Mod7-2Ontological - Module VI Session 17 The Ontological Argument Read Stewart 122-130 St Anselm Proslogion chap 2-4 • Revelation(sacred

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online