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CHEM110ORGANICTOPICS - conformers Distinguish between anti...

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Capilano College Dr. Tony Cusanelli Chemistry 110 Study Guide Some insight into what you need to know for the organic chemistry part of the exam. (Everything!!) Bonding in organic compounds; distinguish between sp, sp 2 , and sp 3 hybridizations, σ and π bonds, bond angles and shapes of molecules. Name ( IUPAC system) alkanes, cycloalkanes, alkenes, cycloalkenes, and alkynes with alkyl/halogen substituents from structural formulas (condensed, line-angle, or 3D perspective formulas with line-wedge-dash). Draw structural formulas from names. Represent molecules using full structural formulas (Lewis structures), condensed formulas, line-angle formulas, and perspective formulas. Draw all the constitutional isomers from a given molecular formula. Identify which alkenes or cycloalkanes could show geometric (cis/trans) isomerism and name them using the cis/trans system or the E/Z system. Draw Newman projections of non-cyclic compounds and identify the most stable / least stable
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Unformatted text preview: conformers. Distinguish between anti and gauche conformers. • Draw chair and boat conformers of cyclohexane; distinguish axial and equatorial bonds; identify most stable / least stable conformers. • Identify 1 ° , 2 ° , and 3 ° carbon atoms, hydrogen atoms, alcohols, alkyl halides, amines, etc. • Identify and name the functional groups: alkene, alkyne, halo, amine, alcohol, ether, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, etc. • Identify stereocenters or chirality centers (stereogenic carbon atoms); designate absolute configuration around a stereocenter using R/S system. Determine the maximum number of stereoisomers for a molecule (i.e. 2 n ). • Identify (and know the terms): enantiomers, diastereomers, and meso compounds. • Use your knowledge of intermolecular attractions to predict physical properties of organic molecules....
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