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Carbon Biomolecules

Carbon Biomolecules - Organic Chemistry Organic molecules...

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1 Organic Chemistry Organic molecules contain carbon Abundant in living organisms Macromolecules are large, complex organic molecules
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2 Carbon Carbon has 4 electrons in its outer shell Needs 4 more electrons to fill the shell It can make up to 4 bonds Usually single or double bonds Carbon can form nonpolar and polar bonds Molecules with nonpolar bonds (like hydrocarbons) are poorly water soluble Molecules with polar bonds are more water soluble
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5 Functional Groups Groups of atoms with special chemical features that are functionally important Each type of functional group exhibits the same properties in all molecules in which it occurs
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