CCPA Canadian Ethics-Based Issues and Cases[3774].pdf - Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Experience Ethics-Based Issues and Cases Lorna Martin

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Unformatted text preview: Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Experience: Ethics-Based Issues and Cases Lorna Martin, Blythe Shepard, and Ron Lehr, editors Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Experience: Ethics-Based Issues and Cases ___________________________________________ Edited by: Lorna Martin Blythe Shepard Ron Lehr ___________________________________________ Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association Copyright © 2015 by the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association All rights reserved Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association 6 – 203 Colonnade Road South Ottawa, Ontario K2E 7K3 ISBN: 978-0-9697966-7-1 Printed in Canada i ETHICS-BASED ISSUES AND CASES To The Presidents of the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association John Evan Andoff ............................1965–67 Aurèle Gagnon.................................1967–69 Myrne B. Nevison ............................1969–71 John C. Paterson ..............................1971–73 John Banmen ...................................1973–75 Pierre Turgeon .................................1975–77 John R. Brosseau ..............................1977–79 Kathie Swenson ...............................1979–81 D. Stuart Conger .............................1981–83 Rod Conklin .....................................1983–85 William Kennedy.............................1985–87 Walter Pawlovich ............................1987–89 Marcel Monette ...............................1989–91 Sharon Robertson ............................1991–93 William Borgen ...............................1993–95 Chris Cooper....................................1995–97 Karen Wright ...................................1997–99 Renée Piché ..................................1999–2001 Glenn W. Sheppard......................2001–2003 Lorne Flavelle ..............................2003–2005 David Paterson ............................2005–2007 Maria De Cicco ...........................2007–2009 Ron Lehr ......................................2009–2011 Lorna Martin...............................2011–2013 Blythe Shepard.............................2013–2015 ETHICS-BASED ISSUES AND CASES iii Table of Contents About the Editors, Authors and Contributors .......................................................................... vii Acknowledgements ..................................................................................................................xii Overview .................................................................................................................................xiii References ..................................................................................................................................... xvi Chapter 1: The Development of Counselling Ethics in Canada ................................................. 1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................................5 Learning Activities ...........................................................................................................................22 References ......................................................................................................................................23 Chapter 2: Informed Consent: Establishing an Ethically and Legally Congruent Foundation for the Counselling Relationship.......................................................................... 25 Introduction ....................................................................................................................................27 Learning Activities ...........................................................................................................................69 References ......................................................................................................................................71 Chapter 3: Confidentiality in the Canadian Context: Honouring Fiduciary Responsibility within the Parameters of Ethical and Legal Best Practices ............................. 75 Introduction ....................................................................................................................................77 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................111 References ....................................................................................................................................113 Chapter 4: Professional Identity of Counselling and the Regulation of the Profession in Canada ............................................................................................................. 117 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................120 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................139 References ....................................................................................................................................141 Chapter 5: Certification of Career Counsellors ..................................................................... 145 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................147 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................157 References ....................................................................................................................................158 Chapter 6: Certification of School Counsellors ..................................................................... 161 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................163 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................172 References ....................................................................................................................................173 Chapter 7: Ethics in Counsellor Education: Supervision and Professional Competence ....... 175 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................179 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................203 References ....................................................................................................................................205 Chapter 8: Ethics in Research: A Review of Critical Issues .................................................... 211 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................214 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................243 References ....................................................................................................................................244 iv ETHICS-BASED ISSUES AND CASES Table of Contents Chapter 9: Ethical Exceptions in Exceptional Conditions: Counselling in Remote and Rural Canada ..................................................................................................... 247 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................250 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................271 References ....................................................................................................................................273 Chapter 10: Culture-Infused Counselling and Psychotherapy ............................................... 277 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................279 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................298 References ....................................................................................................................................300 Chapter 11: Working with Couples and Families ................................................................... 305 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................307 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................323 References ....................................................................................................................................324 Chapter 12: Working with Children, Youth, and Persons with Diminished Capacity ............. 327 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................329 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................353 References ....................................................................................................................................355 Chapter 13: Working with Clients Seeking Support for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, Two-Spirited, and Questioning Experiences ..................................................... 357 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................360 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................378 References ....................................................................................................................................379 Appendix A ...................................................................................................................................383 Appendix B ...................................................................................................................................384 Chapter 14: Working with Clients using Electronic Platforms............................................... 385 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................387 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................398 References ....................................................................................................................................399 Chapter 15: Counsellor Isolation in the Context of Private Practice: Ethical Issues and Considerations ......................................................................................... 401 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................406 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................422 References ....................................................................................................................................423 Chapter 16: Secondary Trauma and Compassion Fatigue: What Counselling Educators and Practitioners Need to Know ............................................. 427 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................430 Learning Activities .........................................................................................................................453 References ....................................................................................................................................454 Appendix A ...................................................................................................................................458 ETHICS-BASED ISSUES AND CASES v Table of Contents SECTION TWO: Ethics-Based Case Studies ............................................................................ 459 Part I: Case Studies in Informed Consent .................................................................................461 Part II: Case Studies in Confidentiality.......................................................................................465 Part III: Case Studies in Counselling in Remote and Rural Areas ................................................479 Part IV: Case Studies in Research Ethics .....................................................................................488 Part V: Case Studies in Supervision and Internship ....................................................................512 Part VI: Case Studies in Career Counselling ................................................................................517 Part VII: Case Studies in Working with Couples and Families ......................................................518 Part VIII: Case Studies in Working with Children, Youth, and Persons with Diminished Capacity ......................................................................................................519 Part IX: Case Studies in Working with Clients Seeking Support for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, Two-Spirited, and Questioning Experiences ...............................................523 Part X: Case Studies in Working with Clients using Electronic Platforms ...................................525 Part XI: Case Studies in Counsellor Isolation in the Context of Private Practice .........................526 Part XII: Case Studies in Culture-Infused Counselling and Psychotherapy ...................................528 Part XIII: Case Studies in Secondary Trauma and Compassion Fatigue .........................................530 APPENDICES .......................................................................................................................... 537 Appendix A CCPA Code of Ethics ................................................................................................538 Appendix B Association for Specialists in Group Work: Best Practice Guidelines........................549 References ...............................................................................................................554 Appendix C Career Development Guidelines and Standards of Practice .....................................555 Appendix D NBCC Policy Regarding the Provision of Distance Professional Services..................584 Appendix E CCPA Procedures for Processing Complaints of Ethical Violations ...........................589 ETHICS-BASED ISSUES AND CASES vii About the Editors, Authors and Contributors Alderson, Kevin, PhD Dr. Alderson is a Professor of Counselling Psychology at the University of Calgary since 2001, having left a 16-year position at a local community college. He is currently the Editor in Chief of the Canadian Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy, the national peer-reviewed professional journal in the counselling discipline. Arthur, Nancy, PhD Dr. Arthur is a Professor and Associate Dean Research, Educational Studies in Counselling Psychology, Werklund School of Education, at the University of Calgary, and she is a Registered Psychologist. Her research interests focus on Culture-Infused Counselling, professional education for cultural diversity and social justice, career development and international transitions. Bernardelli, Antonio, EdD Antonio Bernardelli, EdD, is a sessional instructor in the Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology at McGill University where, for over twenty-five years, he has taught interviewing and counselling skills. He is a licensed psychologist in the province of Québec, and has worked in private practice with a broad range of clients, including couples and families. Buchanan, Marla, PhD Dr. Buchanan is an Associate Professor in the Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology and Special Education in the Faculty of Education at the University of British Columbia. She is currently the Director of Graduate Programs for her department. She is a faculty member in the Counselling Psychology Program and an Associate Member of the Department of Family Practice and Community Medicine at UBC. Her research interests are in the field of traumatic stress studies. Cain, Margaret, MEd Margie Cain completed a career in public education as a teacher, administrator and certified school counsellor. She is a Provincial Director on the CCPA Board, and has served on the Executive of the CCPA School Counsellors Chapter. She has a strong interest in contributing to the wellbeing of Canada’s Indigenous and Newcomer populations. viii ETHICS-BASED ISSUES AND CASES Chang, Jeff, PhD Dr. Chang has been a Registered Psychologist in the Province of Alberta for over twentyfive years. He is a Clinical Fellow and Approved Supervisor in the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy (AAMFT), a Registered Marriage and Family Therapist with the Canadian Register of Marriage and Family Therapists, and a member of the Canadian Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology. Collins, Sandra, PhD Dr. Collins is a Professor in the Graduate Centre for Applied Psychology at Athabasca University. She is also a Registered Psychologist (in Alberta) and Registered Clinical Counsellor (in British Columbia). She focuses her research, private practice, and teaching in the areas of Culture-Infused Counselling, social justice, sexual orientation and gender identity, feminist practice, and counselling education and supervision. DeStefano, Jack, EdD Jack De Stefano, EdD, is the director of the Psychoeducational and Counselling Clinic in the Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology at McGill University. He is also on the faculty of the School and Counselling Psychology programs. He is licensed as a psychologist in Québec. His areas of research and professional interest include the training and clinical supervision of professional counsellors and psychologists. Gazzola, Nicola, PhD Dr. Gazzola is a Professor of Counselling in the Faculty of Education at the University of Ottawa. His main areas of research centre on counsellor professional issues including professional identity and clinical supervision. He is a licensed psychologist (member of l’Ordre des psychologues du Québec) and a Canadian Certified Counsellor. George, Serena, MEd Serena George has a master of education in counselling from the University of Northern British Columbia. Serena works as a children’s trauma counsellor in Prince George, and is currently pursuing a PhD in health sciences at UNBC, specializing in early trauma. Greggain, Waylon Donald, MEd Waylon Greggain has a master of education in counselling from the University of Northern British Columbia, and has worked as an editor, research assistant, and family counsellor since graduating in 2009. Waylon Greggain counsels from a primarily humanistic perspective, and has focused on working with children and youth. He is currently pursuing his second master’s degree in child study and education at O.I.S.E. in Toronto. He hopes to work in the elementary school system. ETHICS-BASED ISSUES AND CASES ix Keats, Patrice, PhD Dr. Keats is Associate Professor and Academic Coordinator of the Counselling Psychology Program at Sim...
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