Chapter08 - Chapter 8: Linux Servers on the LAN What Is...

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Chapter 8: Linux Servers on the LAN
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What Is Linux Linux is a UNIX-like open source operating system. Open source software is software in which the source code is available. Linux actually refers to the kernel of the operating system. The kernel is the operating system’s centerpiece. Other components of the operating system have their own names such as X-Windows , Apache and Sendmail . A collection of components bundled with Linux is known as a distribution .
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What Is Linux Some versions of Linux are freely available for download off the Internet. Linux use on the LAN is growing as it can perform many of the functions that a Windows server can, without the associated licensing costs. A drawback of Linux is that often more complicated to configure than Windows is. What an organization saves in licensing costs, it might spend on personnel to manage the Linux systems. Linux computers generally co-exist on the LAN with Windows and Novell servers and replace older UNIX servers.
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A specific collection of Linux and programs that run on Linux is known as a distribution. Anyone can create their own Linux distribution with enough time and effort. Several popular distributions are: RedHat Enterprise Linux . Subscription-based, includes support. Targeted at large corporate LANs. Aims to replace traditional UNIX vendors. RedHat Fedora . Development branch of Redhat Enterprise Linux used to test new software. Freely available, but less stable than the Enterprise version. Debian. Freely available and highly stable Linux distribution. Does not include the very newest versions of software, only those versions that have proven stable. Novell SUSE. Novell’s Linux distribution. Integrated closely with the Novell network operating system. Subscription based. Mandrake.
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2010 for the course LAN 237898 taught by Professor Johns during the Fall '10 term at Allen County Comm College.

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Chapter08 - Chapter 8: Linux Servers on the LAN What Is...

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