Communist governments formed in most of them

Communist governments formed in most of them -...

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Communist governments formed in most of them. On May 12, 1989, President Bush announced a new era in  American foreign policy that he termed  "beyond containment." In 1989, reform seemed on the verge of occurring in China as well as in Eastern Europe. Thousands of students  held protests on behalf of democratization in  Tiananmen Square  (the central meeting place in Beijing). However,  on the night of June 3 the army violently crushed the democracy movement, killing hundreds-perhaps  thousands-of protesters and beginning a wave of executions, arrests, and repression. Perhaps the most troublesome issue in the national security area is the spread of terrorism the use of violence to  demoralize and frighten a country's population or government. Despite its risks and uncertainties, the Cold War  was characterized by a stable and predictable set of relations among the great powers. Now international  relations have entered an era of improvisation as nations struggle to develop creative responses to changes in  the global balance of power and the new challenges that have emerged. The national security strategy doctrine issued by the Bush administration in September 2002 is the most  dramatic and far-reaching change in national security policy in a half-century. It substitutes preemption of  potential threats for deterrence and containment of aggression by hostile nations or groups that appear  determined to use weapons of mass destruction against the United States. THE POLITICS OF DEFENSE POLICY Defense spending comprises about one-sixth of the federal budget. Domestic political concerns, budgetary  limitations, and ideology all have a role in influencing decisions regarding the structure of defense policy.  Conservatives fight deep cuts in defense spending, pointing out that many nations retain potent military  capability and insisting that America maintain its readiness at a high level. Liberals, while supporting the war on  terrorism, maintain that the Pentagon wastes money and that the United States buys too many guns and too little  butter.  Whatever its cause, the lessening of East-West tensions has given momentum to significant reductions in  defense spending, what some call the 
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2010 for the course VARI 1001 taught by Professor Banks during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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Communist governments formed in most of them -...

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