E 316K Lecture, Dr. BerryLines from Ralph Waldo Emerson [1803-1882]Source: Emerson’s “The American Scholar,” delivered as a Commencement Address in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to Harvard’s Phi Beta Kappa Society, August 31, 1837Literary Era: American Renaissance [a.k.a. Romanticism]Our day of dependence, our long apprenticeship to the learning of other lands, draws to a close.Man is not a farmer, or a professor, or an engineer, but he is all. […] Man is thus metamorphosed into a thing, into many things. The planter, who is Man sent out into the field to gather food, is seldom cheered by any idea of the true dignity of his ministry. He sees his bushel and his cart, and nothing beyond, and sinks into the farmer, instead of man on the farm. The tradesman scarcely ever gives an ideal worth to his work, but is ridden by the routine of his craft, and the soul is subject to dollars. The priest becomes a form; the attorney a statutebook; the mechanic a machine; the sailor a rope of the ship.
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