INTD 106: Conventions of College WritingEdited by Gillian Paku and Lumen Learning
INTD 106: Conventions of College Writing byLumen Learningis licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 InternationalLicense, except where otherwise noted.Cover Image: “Sturges Hall.” Authored by: Benjamin Esham. Located at:. Content Type: CC LicensedContent, Shared Previously. License:CC BY-SA: Attribution-ShareAlike.Published by SUNY OER ServicesMilne LibraryState University of New York at GeneseoGeneseo, NY 14454Distributed by State University of New York PressExcept where expressly noted otherwise, the contents of this course are based on materials originally published by Lumen LearningCC-BY Creative Commons Attribution License. The original version of this text was published as SUNY Geneseo Guide to Writingand may be accessed for free at .ISBN: 978-1-64176-028-7This book was produced using Pressbooks.com, and PDF rendering was done by PrinceXML.
ContentsAbout This Book91. UsageIntroduction to Usage3Writing with Numbers4Abbreviations and Acronyms7Capitalization10Spelling14Commonly Misused Terms and Phrases182. PunctuationIntroduction to Punctuation23Ending Punctuation25Commas28Semicolons34Colons36Practice Activities: Commas, Semicolons, and Colons38Hyphens and Dashes41Apostrophes46Quotation Marks49Editorial Brackets52Ellipses54Parentheses57Punctuation Clusters59Practice Activities: Punctuation613. Sentence StructureIntroduction to Sentence Structure65Basic Parts of a Sentence67
Common Sentence Structures72Sentence Punctuation Patterns74Run-On Sentences77Sentence Fragments81Parallel Structure84Practice Activities: Parallel Structure87Active and Passive Voice89Revising Weak Passive-Voice Sentences93Using the Passive Voice95Practice Activities: Active and Passive Voice994: GrammarWhy Is Grammar Important?103Antecedent Clarity106Antecedent Agreement113Subject & Verb Agreement116Verb Tense Consistency120Differences between Adjectives and Adverbs123Common Mistakes with Adjectives and Adverbs125Introduction to Other Parts of Speech130Conjunctions132Practice Activities: Conjunctions139Prepositions141Articles1455. Writing ProcessRhetorical Context151Thesis Statement157The Paragraph162Introductions and Conclusions169Higher-Order Concerns for Editing172Lower-Order Concerns for Proofreading1756. ResearchWhy Is Research Important?181Preliminary Research Strategies185Level Up Your Google Game188Intermediate Research Strategies190Google Scholar193
How to Search in a Library Database197Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Sources201Tools for Evaluating Sources205Using Sources in Your Paper207Using Multiple Sources210Academic Dishonesty211Defining Plagiarism213Avoiding Plagiarism2167. MLA DocumentationWhy Is MLA Documentation Important?221Introduction to MLA Documentation224MLA Document Formatting226MLA Works Cited Page Formatting229Creating MLA Works Cited Entries232MLA In-Text Citations234MLA Block Quotations238Sample MLA-Style Paper2408. APA DocumentationWhy Is APA Documentation Important?249APA Order of Major Sections251APA Title Page Formatting253APA Abstract Page255APA First Main Body Page Formatting257APA Headings and Subheadings258APA In-Text Citations261APA References Page Formatting264Creating APA References Entries266APA Block Quotations269Sample APA-Style Paper2719. Chicago/Turabian DocumentationIntroduction to Chicago/Turabian Style