alcoholism_essay english

alcoholism_essay english - Alcoholism is an illness...

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Alcoholism is an illness described as drinking alcoholic beverages at a level that interferes with physical health, mental health, and social, family, or occupational responsibilities. There as two categories dealing with alcoholism, dependence and abuse. People with alcohol dependence, the most severe alcohol disorder, usually experience tolerance and withdrawal. Tolerance is a need for increased amounts of alcohol to achieve intoxication or the desired effect. Withdrawal occurs when alcohol is discontinued or intake is reduced. Alcohol dependents spend a great deal of time drinking alcohol, and obtaining it. Alcohol abusers may have legal problems such as drinking and driving. They may also have problems with binge drinking, which is drinking 6 or more drinks at one sitting. People who are dependent on or abuse alcohol continue to drink it despite evidence of physical or psychological problems. Those with dependence have more severe problems and a greater compulsion to drink. According to the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, alcohol is the most widely used psychoactive drug in the United States (SAMHSA Factsheet, 1992). In America there are 8.1 million people who are medically classified as alcoholics. Alcoholism does not only affect alcoholics. There are about forty-three percent of adults in America, close to seventy-six million people, who have been exposed to alcoholism in the family (National Center for Health Statistics, 1991). Meaning they grew up with, had a blood relative, or married an alcoholic. The effects alcoholism can have on a family are dramatically unsettling. Separation and divorce are three times as likely to occur in a Powell 2 000991-020 family where one spouse is an alcoholic, not to mention the 6.6 million children who live with an
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alcoholic parent. Untimely injuries and even deaths are increasingly apparent in alcoholics as well. Alcoholics are responsible for forty-seven percent of industrial injuries and forty percent of industrial fatalities. Motor vehicle crashes, the leading cause of accidental death, are five times more likely amongst alcoholics. Additionally, alcoholics are sixteen times more likely than others to die in falls, and ten times more likely to become fire or burn victims (Alcohol Alert, 1999). Not only can alcoholism affect a family personally, but economically. From 1985 to 1992, the costs of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems rose forty-two percent to 148 billion dollars. On average, untreated alcoholics incur general health cost at least hundred percent higher than those of non-alcoholics, and this discrepancy may be present as long as ten years before entry into treatment. Despite all of these statistics, two-thirds of the American population drink, only three percent became alcoholics. So what makes those three percent different then the other sixty-six percent? Different aspects including genetics, gender, other disorders, and new traits scientists are exploring, will all be discussed. The role of one's environment in the emergence of alcoholism is much debated. Since there are
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alcoholism_essay english - Alcoholism is an illness...

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