r&rnotes - 1/29/08 Philosophy Understand and...

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1/29/08 Philosophy Understand and justify human knowledge about the world Philosophy of science: how do we learn about the world in the face of uncertainty and error Some questions: *Is there a scientific method? The “logics” for science are over simple, open to paradoxes Standard canons are violated in actual science Scientific methods change with changing aims, values, technologies, and societies *How do we obtain good evidence? Empirical data are uncertain, finite, and probabilistic Data are not just “given”; they have to be interpreted introducing biases, theory-laden- ness, value laden-ness (scientific, social, ethical, economic) *How do we make reliable inferences form evidence? Inductivist- cannot justify “induction” Logics of induction failed Falsificationist- deduction won’t teach anything new; cannot pinpoint blame for a failed prediction *What makes an inquiry “scientific” or rational? None of the philosophical attempts to erect a demarcation for science seem to work
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2010 for the course FIN 3055 at Virginia Tech.

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r&rnotes - 1/29/08 Philosophy Understand and...

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