4 - Chapter4 DrugsandtheLaw SignificantDrugRelatedLaws

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Chapter 4 Drugs and the Law
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Significant Drug-Related Laws Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 Harrison Act of 1914 Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 Food Drug and Cosmetic Act of 1938 Kefauver-Harris Amendments Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention  and Control Act of 1970 Anti-Drug Abuse Act
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Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 Before 1906, patent medicine were largely  unregulated – the United States was a free  marketplace in terms of drugs. The 1906 law allowed the government to  enter the drug marketplace with the intent  to regulate what was stated on the drug  label. Drug producers had to indicate what was in  their product.
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Harrison Act of 1914 Harrison Act passed because of the problems  with opiate dependency.   The law governed the marketing and sale of  narcotics including regulating nonmedical  narcotic use and made possession of  narcotics without a prescription illegal.
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Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 This Act resulted in forbidding the recreational  use of marijuana but did not forbid  medicinal or industrial use. Anyone using marijuana was required to pay  a tax and failure to comply meant a large  fine or prison term for tax evasion. 
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Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 Under the 1906 Act a drug manufacturer could not be prosecuted for fatalities from use of a drug they  marketed.  The 1938 Act closed that loop hole  and in addition required pharmaceutical  companies to file applications with the federal 
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2010 for the course FIN 3055 at Virginia Tech.

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4 - Chapter4 DrugsandtheLaw SignificantDrugRelatedLaws

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