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linguist notecards 2

linguist notecards 2 - Competence the knowledge of their...

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Competence- the knowledge of their language that all native speaker-hearers possess.
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Complex sentence- a sentence that consists of a main clause and one or more subordinate clauses.
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Constituents- a linguistic unit that is part of a larger grammatical construction, such as a noun phrase or a verb phrase.
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Content words- (synonym- lexical) nouns, verbs, and modifiers within a language are considered content words; words such as articles and auxiliary verbs are considered function words.
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Coordinate clause- clauses in same tense linked by and, but, or so.
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Deep structure- in transformational grammar, the underlying syntactic and semantic representation of a sentence.
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Derivational morpheme- affixes used in word formation. Derivational morphemes change the grammatical class of root forms. (examples- happy – ness- happiness)
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derivational theory of complexity- early psychological attempt to link the derivation of sentences under transformational generative grammar to the time taken to process such sentences.
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Developmental psycholinguistics- the study of language acquisition in children.
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Discourse- a spoken or written text of some length monologue or dialougue.
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Displaced concepts- the ability of language to refer to events that are distant in space or time or concepts not triggered by the immediate environment. One characteristic that distinguishes human language from animal communication systems.
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