Greek Tragedy - Greek Tragedy be balanced and rightly...

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} o be balanced and rightly ordered Greek Tragedy - Performed by the public, for the public, judged by the public - Source of the plays is Homer o Homer lived 850 – 750 BCE (rough estimate) Homer in itself may be one person, or a group of people – the truth is unknown - Aeschylus o 1. Believer in Divine Justice The gods would bring just order o 2. Homer source o 3. Costumes and Second Actor o 4. Corus and Visual Effects o 5. Exceptional Language - History of the House of Atreus and Thyestes o Brothers Heirs to the thrown o Thyestes seduces Atreus’ wife and claimed the power In return, Atreus banishes Thyestes Then lures him back to the kingdom with a banquet with a large feast After this feast is over, Atreus tells Thyestes that the main course was the hearts of his children o All except one – Aegisthus Thyestes and Aegisthus flee into exile and put a curse onto Atreus’s house o Atreus has two sons Agamemmon, who marries Clytaemnestra Menelaws, who marries Helen
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Clytaemnestra and Helen are sisters Helen is seduced by Paris of Troy She was lured to Troy Agamemmon and Menelaws want to get Helen back Iphigenia to appease the gods and the ten year war begins Agamemmon brings back a mistress named Cassandra Clytaemuestra takes a lover as well, none other than Aegisthus Psyche(soul) o There is disorder of the soul and characters How is balance restored? Polis (kingdom/city) o The kingdom is also in chaos - Cosmos (gods) o There are two sets of gods o New Zeus, etc. o Old The furies – goddesses of the household o The gods are also unbalanced and chaotic - Pathos o Greek word meaning suffering
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Pathemata - Theodicy o The question of how is that a loving or just god could condone this suffering o One way to answer this question is - From suffering, the gods teach us wisdom o This question still has not been answered - Agamemnon o Starts with a watchmen who is waiting for a beacon of light that will signify the victory over Troy o Chorus Elders of the kingdom Speak about the war and its effects Line 62 -65 For one woman’s promiscuous sake the struggling masses, legs tired, knees grinding in dust, spears broken Clytemnestra enters on stage and listens to the chorus Wiser than the average person They ask what is to be gained for this 10 year war? Want the gods to grant meaning to the war Lines 121, 139, 159 Sorrow something blah de blah but good went out the end Look at 160 -183 Hymm to Zeus - Pathos o Justice - Theodicy - Lamentation o A song of sorrow
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- Hymn to Zeus - Hegel o Has a tragedy, “people are conflicted with two goods or two wrongs and we have
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