Vocabulary - Vocabulary English R1B abstract : referring to...

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Vocabulary English R1B abstract : referring to a physical or visible object concrete : expressing something that can only be appreciated intellectually (denoting quality, emotion or idea) the “anthropocene :" termed by scientists as the most recent period in Earth's history for the age dominated by human activities source: http://www.eoearth.org/article/Anthropocene anthropogenic climate change (ACC) (as opposed to “global warming”): Anthropogenic climate change are changes in the climate, the average weather or the distribution of weather events around the average ranging from decades to millions of years which may be limited to a specific region, or across the whole Earth as a result of the effects, processes or materials derived from human activities. Anthropogenic climate change refers to the production of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide, emitted by human activity. biodiversity and biodiversity hotspots: Biodiversity is the biological diversity consisting of many various forms of life and species in an ecosystem or on Earth which includes variety ecosystems and genetic variability. Biodiversity hotspots are biogeographical regions with a significant reservoir of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction. It must contain at least 0.5% or 1,500 species of vascular plants as endemics, and 70% of its primary vegetation to qualify as a biodiversity hotspot. biomass: the material or substance residing in or obtained from living things. Biomass may be a source of renewable energy. cap-and-trade plans: Also, emissions trading, is a system which reduce pollution emission through economics means. A central authority sets the limit on the amount of pollution for a market or company, which can pollute up to its allowance (credit). Those with excess allowance may sell their credit to those needing to pollute exceeding their allowances. Thus, such cap-and-trade system promotes reduction in pollution in the cheapest fashion and thus reducing the overall cost of pollution reduction. Montgomery, W.D. "Markets in Licenses and Efficient Pollution Control Programs". Journal of Economic Theory 5 (December 1972):395-418 carbon sequestration: a process in which carbon is captured from the atmosphere in order to mitigate the effects of greenhouse gases and other unfavorable environmental problems caused by carbon/carbon dioxide build-up. co-evolution: the process in which 2 or more species evolve in response to each other (like bees and certain flowers). disturbance regimes: the pattern of disturbances that shape an ecosystem over a long time. They can consist of internal and external system disturbances (e.g. an outbreak of insects vs. logging by humans). ecology:
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Vocabulary - Vocabulary English R1B abstract : referring to...

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