Online Lecture 2 - History - 1/13/09 1 !"#$%&’...

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Unformatted text preview: 1/13/09 1 !"#$%&’ %) *#’+,%-%.’ !"# %& ’ ()(* +",,% -%.. /01. 23%..4 */01! 233 4%#, 5676 • 86)%&6 96 .6$ $% $,6 ,"#$%&’:: • ;6$ <6 =>#96& #%<6 [email protected]#A%># =B%@$ $,6 &6#6=&+, C=&A+"C=A%>D ,ECDFFC#’+,[email protected]@F@>76&.&[email protected]+$*%%-IJKG,$<- 5,6> 7"7 C#’+,%-%.’ B6.">L • M<C%##"B-6 $% #=’ )%& #@&6: • 5,6> 7"7 96 #$=&$ $% 9%>76& =B%@$ %@&#6-N6#L • /">+6 ,@<=># 96&6 O&#$ =&%@>7 Psychology’s Roots Prescientific Psychology 999GB%7’7,=&<=G%&.FC,[email protected],=GHC. In India, the Buddha pondered how sensations and perceptions combined to form ideas. Prescientific Psychology Confucius (551-479 BCE) In China, Confucius stressed the power of ideas and of an educated mind. ,%<6GA#+=-"GB6F=-=">G6&>%E6F-"N&6F+%>)@+"@#GHC. Prescientific Psychology Hebrew Scriptures Hebrew scriptures linked mind and emotion to the body. 999G,=N@&=,,=$%&=,G%&.F"<=.6#F,6B&69B"B-6GHC. 1/13/09 2 P=AN"#< Socrates (469-399 BCE) and Plato (428-348 BCE) Socrates and his student Plato believed that the mind was separate from the body, that it continued to exist after death, and that ideas were innate. Socrates Plato ,ECDFF999G-=9G@<Q+G67@ ,ECDFF999G-=9G@<Q+G67@ Empiricism Aristotle (384-322 BCE) Aristotle suggested that the soul is not separable from the body and that knowledge (ideas) grow from experience. ,ECDFF)=+@-$’G9=#,">.$%>G67@ R,6>: P% S>6 1=&6# • 2 JGTG $% 2333 JGTG – 5=& $=Q6# C&6+676>+6 • 2333 JGTG $% 2U33 JGTG – V6-"."%> $=Q6# C&6+676>+6 /$=&A>. SN6&: R,6 J.6 %) V6=#%> • V6N"#"$ $,6 %-7 76B=$6 – V6>6 T6#+=&$6# W2X33#Y • P=AN"#< – 4%,> ;%+Q6 W2XU3#Y • R=B@-= V=#= • Z<C"&"+"#< J>7 R,6>: R,6 J.6 %) Z>-".,$6><6>$ • J&6 96 P=AN"#$#L P@&$@&"#$#L • T%6# =>’$,">. 6["#$ %@$#"76 %@& <">7L – M<<=>@6- \=>$ – I&=>] ^6#<6& – 86&Q6-6’ Prescientific Psychology Mind and body are connected Mind and body are distinct The Hebrews Socrates Aristotle Plato Augustine Descartes What is the relation of the mind to the body? 1/13/09 3 Prescientific Psychology Some ideas are inborn The mind is a blank slate Socrates Aristotle Plato Locke How are ideas formed?...
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Online Lecture 2 - History - 1/13/09 1 !"#$%&’...

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