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Online Lecture 2 - History

Online Lecture 2 - History -...

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1/13/09 1 !"#$%&’ %) *#’+,%-%.’ !"# %& ’ ()(* +",,% -%.. /01. 23%..4 */01! 233 4%#, 5676 86)%&6 96 .6$ $% $,6 ,"#$%&’:: ;6$ <6 =>#96& #%<6 [email protected]#A%># =B%@$ $,6 &6#6=&+, C=&A+"C=A%>D ,ECDFFC#’+,G-=GC#@[email protected]@>76&.&=7F/@BH6+$*%%-IJKG,$<- 5,6> 7"7 C#’+,%-%.’ B6.">L M<C%##"B-6 $% #=’ )%& #@&6: 5,6> 7"7 96 #$=&$ $% 9%>76& =B%@$ %@&#6-N6#L /">+6 ,@<=># 96&6 O&#$ =&%@>7 Psychology’s Roots Prescientific Psychology 999GB%7’7,=&<=G%&.FC,%$%[email protected],=GHC. In India, the Buddha pondered how sensations and perceptions combined to form ideas. Prescientific Psychology Confucius (551-479 BCE) In China, Confucius stressed the power of ideas and of an educated mind. ,%<6GA#+=-"GB6F=-=">G6&>%E6F-"N&6F+%>)@+"@#GHC. Prescientific Psychology Hebrew Scriptures Hebrew scriptures linked mind and emotion to the body. 999G,[email protected]&=,,=$%&=,G%&.F"<=.6#F,6B&69B"B-6GHC.
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1/13/09 2 P=AN"#< Socrates (469-399 BCE) and Plato (428-348 BCE) Socrates and his student Plato believed that the mind was separate from the body, that it continued to exist after death, and that ideas were innate. Socrates Plato ,[email protected]<[email protected] ,[email protected]<[email protected] Empiricism Aristotle (384-322 BCE) Aristotle suggested that the soul is not separable from the body and that knowledge (ideas) grow from experience. ,ECDFF)[email protected]$’G9=#,">.$%>[email protected] R,6>: P% S>6 1=&6# 2 JGTG $% 2333 JGTG 5=& $=Q6# C&6+676>+6 2333 JGTG $% 2U33 JGTG V6-"."%> $=Q6# C&6+676>+6 /$=&A>. SN6&: R,6 J.6 %) V6=#%> V6N"#"$ $,6 %-7 76B=$6 V6>6 T6#+=&$6# W2X33#Y P=AN"#< 4%,> ;%+Q6 W2XU3#Y [email protected]= V=#= Z<C"&"+"#< J>7 R,6>: R,6 J.6 %) Z>-".,$6><6>$ J&6 96 P=AN"#$#L [email protected]&[email protected]&"#$#L T%6# =>’$,">. 6["#$ %@$#"76 %@& <">7L M<<=>@6- \=>$ I&=>] ^6#<6& 86&Q6-6’ Prescientific Psychology Mind and body are connected Mind and body are distinct The Hebrews Socrates Aristotle Plato Augustine Descartes What is the relation of the mind to the body?
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1/13/09 3 Prescientific Psychology Some ideas are inborn The mind is a blank slate Socrates Aristotle Plato Locke How are ideas formed? R,6 /+"6>A#$# $,6 2_33# 1,=&-6# T=&9"> W2_U‘Y S&"."> %) /C6+"6# [email protected]#$=N I6+,>6& W2_X3Y *#’+,%C,’#"+# I&=>+"# a=-$%> W2_X‘Y !6&67"$=&’ a6>"@# *#’+,%-%.’ =# = /+"6>+6 5"-,6-< [email protected]>7$ Wa6&<=>’Y 2 #$ *#’+,%-%."+=- ;=B%&=$%&’ W2_bUY /6>#=A%> =>7 *6&+6CA%> 1%>#"76&67 $,6 )%@>76& %) <%76&> C#’+,%-%.’
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