Lecture 15 - Encoding - Lecture 15 Encoding Information...

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Lecture 15 1 Lecture 15 - Encoding Josh Wede Psych 100 Encoding Information Events we notice and attend are encoded in working memory Further processing and rehearsing may encode parts in long-term memory Some information (route to your school) is automatically processed. However novel information (friend’s new cell - phone number) requires attention and effort. Automatic processing Enormous amount of information is processed effortlessly by us, like: 1. Space: While reading a textbook you automatically encode place of a picture on a page. 2. Time: We unintentionally note the events that take place in a day. 3. Frequency: You effortlessly keep track of things that happened to you. Effortful processing Novel information committed to memory requires effort, Learning a concept from a text. Effortful processing leads to durable and accessible memories. Rehearsal Effortful learning usually requires rehearsal or conscious repetition. Ebbinghaus studied rehearsal by using nonsense syllables TUV YOF GEK XOZ Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850-1909) Rehearsal The more times the nonsense syllables were practiced on Day 1, the fewer repetitions were required to relearn them on Day 2.
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2010 for the course IST 220 at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Lecture 15 - Encoding - Lecture 15 Encoding Information...

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