Lecture 9b - Social Development in Childhood

Lecture 9b - Social Development in Childhood - Social...

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1 Childhood Social development Social Development Humans are social animals Infants develop intense bond with caregiver When children become mobile: Stranger anxiety: a fear of strangers that arises around 8 months Origins of Attachment Bodily contact Harlow et al (1971) Monkeys raised away from mothers One “mother” provided food (but was wire), another was soft (but no food) Preferred soft “mother” Origins of attachment Familiarity Imprinting rigid attachment process by which an animal attaches during a critical period Attachment Differences Strange Situation test 60% display secure attachment Play comfortably when mother present Distressed when she leaves Seek contact when she returns Others show insecure attachment Less likely to explore surroundings Cry loudly when she leaves Continue to be distressed or indifferent when returns Attachment Due to Mother? Secure attachment Sensitive responsive mothers Paid attention to children and responded appropriately
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2010 for the course IST 220 at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Lecture 9b - Social Development in Childhood - Social...

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