Lecture 13 - Observational Learning

Lecture 13 - Observational Learning - antisocial effects...

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Lecture 13 1 Learning by Observation Josh Wede Psych 100 Learning by Observation Higher animals especially humans learn through observation Don’t need direct experience Monkey on the right imitates monkey on the left in touching the pictures in a certain order to get reward. Mirror Neurons Neuroscientist have discovered (mirror) neurons in the brain of animals and humans that activate during observational learning. Imitation Children great at imitation Stick tongue out at adult shortly after birth 9 months imitate play behaviors 14 month imitate acts from TV Children see, children do!! Bandura’s Experiments Bobo doll experiment children learn through imitating others who receive reward and punishments If child witnessed person rewarded for aggression against doll they imitated If punished, less likely to act aggressively Bandura’s Experiments
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Lecture 13 2 Applications of Observational Learning Bad news Antisocial models (family, neighborhood, TV) can have
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Unformatted text preview: antisocial effects – Columbine Massacre • Every state (except Vermont) had copycat threats or incidents – Abusive men often had abusive fathers Applications of Observational Learning • Good news • Prosocial models can have prosocial effects • Actions and words need to be consistent – If say one thing and do another (hypocrite), children will imitate it (say one thing and do another) TV and Observational Learning • Most children in developed countries spend more time watching TV than in school • Is there a link between TV and violence? • Yes, but correlational – More media violence led to more fights in school – TV viewing at age 14 correlated with aggression at age 16 and 22 – In US, homicide rate doubled between 1957 and 1974 – same time TV use spread Modeling Violence • Children model what they see, even if not real – Sevenfold increase in violent play after watching Power Rangers Next Time • Memory...
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2010 for the course IST 220 at Penn State.

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Lecture 13 - Observational Learning - antisocial effects...

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