Evolution of Management Video

Evolution of Management Video - Evolution Management...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Evolution Management NARRATOR: For centuries, scientists have been following the behavior of workers and managers. The understanding and analysis of this behavior grew into a new field of study, management thought. Management thought is a relatively new discipline. Over the past century, its modern practice has grown out of the influence of social, economic and political forces. It has also grown from the influence of many researchers and practitioners such as Frederick Taylor, Elton Mayo and W. Edwards Deming. NARRATOR: By the late 1800’s America had become the manufacturing capital of the world. Mass production techniques enabled companies to turn out more products at a lower cost than ever before. The sky was the limit! Improvement in assembly line technology led to large-scale production of a wide variety of material goods. These technological advancements came about at such an accelerated pace that a certain degree of chaos developed. Most businessmen of the time perceived this chaos in terms of a national productivity problem. Businesses weren’t as efficient as they should have been. Three issues formed the basis for the problem. First was the problem of collaboration between people and machines. Many factory workers were afraid that substituting machine power for human power would result in the elimination of jobs. Workers were also physically afraid of large, noisy, dirty and dangerous factory machines. The second obstacle was a general inexperience in running large size factories and organizations that could produce large volumes of products to lower the cost per item. Because owners and employees weren’t used to working in large groups different authority structures were needed. Standard operating procedures had to be developed and implemented. Whatever efficiencies these procedures brought about were off set in part by an overall depersonalization in the workplace. Bigger businesses were just having bigger problems. The more managers began to realize how costly these problems were becoming the more they searched for solutions. NARRATOR: The search for solutions provided the basis for the development of the four major theories or approaches to management. The classical approach beginning in the late 1800’s, the behavioral approach in the early 1900’s, the systems approach in the 1930’s and 1940’s and the contingency approach a theory that gained prominence in the
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/23/2010 for the course MANAGEMENT MT140-10 taught by Professor Fail during the Summer '10 term at Kaplan University.

Page1 / 4

Evolution of Management Video - Evolution Management...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online