chapter 37 - Audesirk, Biology: Life on Earth 7e Chapter 37...

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Audesirk, Biology: Life on Earth 7e Chapter 37 Animal Development 1) Which statement is TRUE of indirect development? A) The newborn animal is a miniature of the adult, although sexually immature. B) Indirect development occurs in most vertebrates. C) Animals with indirect development produce large numbers of eggs. D) The eggs produced typically have large amounts of yolk. Answer: C Diff: 2 Type: MC Page Ref: Sec. 37.1 Skill: Factual 2) A fertilized oyster egg develops into a free-swimming larval stage called a veliger. The veliger later settles and grows a shell. This is an example of A) direct development. B) differentiation. C) indirect development. D) internal development. Answer: C Diff: 2 Type: MC Page Ref: Sec. 37.1 Skill: Conceptual 3) The main advantage of indirect development, such as occurs in insects, is A) that the offspring are born using the same habitat as the parents so they are well adapted. B) that every individual the animal encounters is a potential mate. C) that the eggs can survive because they contain a large yolk. D) that the embryos receive nourishment from their mother's body as they develop. E) the ability to make large numbers of offspring that can feed themselves very quickly. Answer: E Diff: 1 Type: MC Page Ref: Sec. 37.1 Skill: Conceptual 4) Which of the following statements regarding extraembryonic membranes is TRUE? A) The chorion surrounds the wastes. B) The allantois lines the shell and exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide through the shell. C) The amnion encloses the embryo in a watery environment. D) Both B and C are correct. E) All statements are correct. Answer: C Diff: 2 Type: MC Page Ref: Sec. 37.1 Skill: Factual 5) Yolk is mostly lipid. Its primary function during development is A) to provide phospholipids for membranes. B) to control gene expression. C) to form a placenta. D) to provide energy. Answer: D Audesirk - Chapter 37 - page 1
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Diff: 1 Type: MC Page Ref: Sec. 37.1 Skill: Factual 6) Which statement is TRUE of direct development? A) More eggs are produced than in an organism with indirect development. B) The young resembles the adult. C) Metamorphosis occurs. D) Yolks are always large. E) Larvae are formed. Answer: B Diff: 2 Type: MC Page Ref: Sec. 37.1 Skill: Factual 7) Which embryo undergoes direct development? A) butterfly B) lobster C) frog D) fly E) bluebird Answer: E Diff: 1 Type: MC Page Ref: Sec. 37.1 Skill: Factual 8) Which extra-embryonic membrane lies immediately beneath the shell of a reptile embryo? A) allantois B) amnion C) chorion D) yolk sac E) placenta Answer: C Diff: 2 Type: MC Page Ref: Sec. 37.1 Skill: Factual 9) In a reptile egg, which membrane is analogous to a lung? A) allantois B) amnion C) chorion D) yolk sac Answer: C Diff: 2 Type: MC Page Ref: Sec. 37.1 Skill: Conceptual 10) Defend the statement: The larval form of a mayfly is the "real" insect. Answer: The adult only lives for a few hours to a few days, cannot feed, and can only
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2010 for the course BIOL BIOL 1002 taught by Professor A. h. during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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chapter 37 - Audesirk, Biology: Life on Earth 7e Chapter 37...

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