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Unformatted text preview: electron distribution above and
below the nuclei.
Hybridization involves mixing of atomic orbitals to give new hybrid orbitals of equivalent
energy, i.e., it is the redistribution of energy in different orbitals (in the valence shell) of
an atom. © IBID Press 2007 3 CHAPTER 4 BONDING
(IB TOPICS 4 AND 14) SUMMARY Type of
Hybridization Examples Bonds Shape Angle sp3 (combination
of: one s and
three p orbtals) CH4
H2O 4 σ bonds
3 σ; 1 lone e− pair
2 σ; 2 lone e− pairs Tetrahedral
Bent/angular/”V” = 109.5°
of: one s and two
p orbtals) C2H4 Each C has 3 σ; 1 π
C=C has 1 σ; 1 π
B has 3 σ bonds
Each C has 3 σ; 1 π Planar 120° Planar 120° Planar 120° Linear 180° Linear 180° BCl3
of: one s and one
p orbtal) C2H2 Each C has 2 σ; 2 π
C≡C has 1 σ; 2 π
Be has 2 σ bonds BeCl2 (N.B. Shading indicates Topic 14 (AHL) material.) © IBID Press 2007 4...
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2010 for the course CS 001 taught by Professor Jix during the Spring '10 term at Riverside Community College.
- Spring '10