Essay 2 PLS 170 - 1 PLS 170 3/15/09 In his book, Politics,...

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1 PLS 170 3/15/09 In his book, Politics, Aristotle maintains that the city-state is the most complete community, because it attains the goal of self-sufficiency, and can exist for the sake of the good life. This principle of self-sufficiency still exists today, as modern society has adopted these principles through natural evolution. In addition, Aristotle believes the city-state naturally arises because of man’s desire to live a good life. Aristotle continues to try to give meaning and purpose to politics and society. He argues that the city-state arose from the physical necessity to have natural order. The natural order derives from the relationship of human characteristics virtue, and reason to the ultimate good for a human being. Aristotle claimed the city-state, along with all partnerships combined, “exists for the sake of living well.” Aristotle believes the city-state is a culmination of all other partnerships, including the family, extended families, village, business partnerships, and other communities, etc. “The city-state exists by nature, inasmuch as the first partnerships so exist; for the city-state is the end of the other partnerships, and nature is an end…” Aristotle states that man can only live the good life in the city-state, if certain physical needs are provided for him, enabling him to engage in other pursuits, such as philosophy and politics. By entering into a partnership with everyone else in the city, all citizens obtain some benefit, and a common good is achieved. In Book 1 of Aristotle’s Politics , he states, “every partnership or “community” is formed with a view or aim to some good.”
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1 Aristotle said the political partnership is the overreaching result of the household partnership. Households are composed as the natural partnership, established for the “needs of daily life.” Households consist of many partnerships, including a master with his slave and man with his children. Several households grouped together form the political partnership. As Aristotle has said, individuals outside of the city-state are not self-sufficient,
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2010 for the course PLS 170 taught by Professor Melzer during the Spring '06 term at Michigan State University.

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Essay 2 PLS 170 - 1 PLS 170 3/15/09 In his book, Politics,...

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