chapter 12 review - If it is improvised by a voice it is...

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Max Spinner November 5, 2009 Course section: 0301 UID: 109943246 Chapter 12 1. Name and categorize five takht instruments: Ud: It is a short-necked lute that does not have any frets. Nay: It is a vertical flute that people play with the side of their embouchure. Qanum: It is a plucked zither. It became a santur in Persia. Kamanja: It is a violin. This name, kamanja, is used in the Arab world. Riqq. It is a tamborine. It can also be called a duff or tar. 2. Name two types of improvisation in music of the Middle East There is taqism, which is a improvisatory opening to a piece that does not have a set tempo. It must be performed on an instrument to be taqism.
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Unformatted text preview: If it is improvised by a voice, it is called mawwâl or layali. 3. Identify and discuss at least two distinguishing characteristic appeals of Middle-Eastern music. One characteristic appeal of Middle-Eastern music is the way they deal with melody. There are no chords, but there are “intricate melodic lines of sound.” Melodies are made from melodic modes. Another characteristic appeal is the Tarab. Tarab is known as the ecstasy and the enchantment. This is the must heavily judged and discussed. Viewers will openly express their admiration when one feels it. The tarab is created from embellishments and stylized interpretations....
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