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Psych 1 - Fair Game Midterm

Psych 1 - Fair Game Midterm - 18:32:00 Introductory Lecture...

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07/05/2007 19:32:00 Introductory Lecture Types of psychology Physiological Psychology Psychophysics (Sensation and Perception) Quantitative (Math) Psychology Animal Experimental Psychology Human Experimental Psychology Developmental Psychology Personality Psychology Social Psychology Industrial Psychology Consumer Psychology Neuropsychology Clinical Psychology Counseling Psychology Educational and School Psychology Brain-in-the-vat problem Is she conscious? History and Research Methods
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Major philosophical quandaries: - mind-body dualism / monism is brain also the mind dualism - the view that the mind is separate from the brain - but controls the brain and the body monism - conscious experience is inseperable fr/ the brain - free will vs. determinism Free will the doctrine that behavior is caused by a person's independent decisions, not by external determinants Determinism    the assumption that all behavior has a cause, or  determinant, in the observable world - nature vs. nurture the question of the relative roles played by heredity (nature) and environment (nurture) in determining differences in behavior Deductive vs. inductive methods Specific to general vs. general to specific Qualities of the scientific method - falsifiability of hypotheses - can be disproven - replicability of findings - re do experimant - parsimonious explanation - be openminded - ex) miss cleo - devaluation of anecdotal evidence - write down Naturalistic observations (definition) a careful examination of what many people or nonhuman animals do under natural conditions
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Case histories (definition) Correlational studies Correlation vs. causation a thorough description of a single individual, including information on both past experiences and current behavior Correlation coefficient   a mathematical estimate of the relationship between two variables,  ranging from +1 (perfect positive relationship) to 0 (no linear  relationship) to –1 (perfect negative relationship) Correlational study  a procedure in which investigators measure the correlation between two  variables without controlling either of them Experiment (definition) a study in which the investigator manipulates at least one variable while measuring at least one other variable Experimental and control conditions Dependent, independent variables Purpose of descriptive vs. inferential statistics Descriptive statistics   mathematical summaries of results such as  measures of the average and the amount of variation Inferential statistics    statements about large populations based on  inferences from small samples
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Neuroscience Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) Electroencephalography (EEG)
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