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Page 3 - Video Presentation on issue around Euthanasia Page 4 - Definition Page 5 - Euthanasia by consent Page 6 to 8 - The means of Euthanasia Pages 9 to 10 - A History of Euthanasia Page 11 - Euthanasia in Australia Page 13 - Euthanasia in Europe Page 14 - Euthanasia in the US Page 15 - Reasons given for Euthanasia Page 16 - Reasons given against Euthanasia Page 17 - Catholic Teaching on Euthanasia Page 18 - Protestant Teaching on Euthanasia Page 19-21 - Jewish, Islamic and Buddhist attitudes to Euthanasia Page 22 - Community of inquiry stimulus material Page 23 to 24 - Bibliography 2
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Euthanasia (literally "good death" in Ancient Greek) refers to the practice of ending a life in a painless manner. As of 2008, some forms of euthanasia are legal in Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Switzerland, the U.S. states of Oregon and Washington the Autonomous Community of Andalusia (Spain), and Thailand. Stances on euthanasia vary greatly; it is called murderous by some and merciful by others. Such controversy arises in part from the serious moral issues attached to the subject and in part from the fact that "euthanasia" is an umbrella term that describes a number of different methods. 4
Euthanasia by consent Euthanasia may be conducted with consent or without consent (involuntary euthanasia). Involuntary euthanasia is conducted where an individual makes a decision for another person incapable of doing so. The decision can be made based on what the incapacitated individual would have wanted, or it could be made on substituted judgment of what the decision maker would want were he or she in the incapacitated person's place, or finally, the decision could be made by assessing objectively whether euthanasia is the most beneficial course of treatment. In any case, euthanasia by proxy consent is highly controversial, especially because multiple proxies may claim the authority to decide for the patient and may or may not have explicit consent from the patient to make that decision. 5
Euthanasia by means Euthanasia may be conducted passively, non-actively, and actively. Passive euthanasia entails the withholding of common treatments (such as antibiotics, pain medications, or surgery) or the distribution of a medication (such as morphine) to relieve pain, knowing that it may also result in death (principle of double effect).
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