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OVARIAN CANCERALITZA HERNANDEZPURDUE GLOBAL UNIVERSITY
WHAT IS OVARIAN CANCER?•OVARIAN CANCER IS A DISEASE WHERE CELLS IN THE OVARIES MULTIPLY AND GROW ABNORMALLY.•OVARIES ARE ALMOND SIZED FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS THAT PRODUCES EGGS, ESTRPGEN AND PROGESTERONE.•OVARIES ARE LOCATED ONE ON BOTH SIDES OF THE UTERUS.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF OVARIAN CANCER?•ABDOMINAL BLOATING OR SWELLING•ABDOMINAL PAIN/PELVIC PAIN•DIFFICULTY EATING OR FEELING FULL QUICKLY•LACK OF APPETITE•FEELING AN URGENT NEED TO URINATE•URINARY FREQUENCY•CHANGE IN BOWEL HABITS•BACK PAIN•WEIGHT GAIN OR WEIGHT LOSS
CELLSOvarian Cancer can develop in different types of cells that make up the ovaries.-Surface epithelial cells, which cover the outer surface of the ovaries.- Germ cells, which ultimately form eggs.-Stromal cells, which help hold the ovary together and release estrogen and progesterone.
WHAT ARE THE TREATMENTS FOR OVARIAN CANCER?•Surgery is the main treatment for ovarian cancer and it doesn’t matter whether the disease is early or advanced.•After surgery experts recommend women undergo chemotherapy as a preventative measure after surgery.
HOW TO TEST FOR OVARIAN CANCER?Unfortunately, for most women there is no way to screen for cancer in the ovaries, effectively. Current tests are not reliable or even accurate enough especially for early stages in the disease.
HOW IS OVARIAN CANCER DIAGNOSED?Pelvic ExamThe doctor will perform a pelvic exam to check for lumps or changes in and around the ovaries and if needed acquire additional tests.