WWII notes ch.pdf - Ch 16 World War Looms Sec 1 Dictators Threaten World Peace World War I was called \u201cthe war to end all wars\u201d but the peace was

WWII notes ch.pdf - Ch 16 World War Looms Sec 1 Dictators...

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Ch. 16 World War Looms Sec. 1 Dictators Threaten World Peace World War I was called “the war to end all wars” but the peace was flawed… The Treaty of Versailles caused resentment by Germany and Russia The Weimer Republic , or the democratic govt in Germany after WWI, was overwhelmed and opened the door to the rise of dictators Joseph Stalin transforms the Soviet Union: Lenin led the Russian revolution creating the Soviet Union and after his death, Stalin took over “man of steel” The govt took over all private farms and created government farms called collectives Industrialization became a focus of his “five year plans” He eliminated anyone who threatened his power; estimated 8-13 million killed Totalitarian government : complete control over people The rise of Fascism in Italy Benito Mussolini “ Il Duce ” or “the leader” established a totalitarian regime in Italy; as fear of communism rose from the poor economy, he gained support as a strong leader Fascism: single strong leader; place the state above the individual; extreme nationalism Mussolini crushed his opposition with the help of his army and secret police “black shirts” Nazi’s take over Germany Hitler joined the National Socialist Workers Party, or Nazi party, after WWI. Great speaker for the group; Der Fuhrer “the leader”-
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Mein Kampf {my struggle} book that laid out Hitler’s plan for creating a great German Empire -extreme nationalism; uniting all German speaking people -purification or race -national expansion Economic depression helped Hitler rise to power. War debt and dependence on loans from America restricted German’s economy from growing 1932 Nazis became the most powerful political power in Germany and 1933 Hitler named Chancellor. Established the Third Reich, or Third German Empire.
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