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Unformatted text preview: solis (nrs545) H12: Thermo 2 McCord (53130) 1 This printout should have 32 questions. Multiplechoice questions may continue on the next column or page find all choices before answering. 001 10.0 points For a given transfer of energy, a greater change in disorder occurs when the temperature is high. 1. True 2. False correct Explanation: From S = q T since T is in the denomina tor, S will be larger (more positive) when ever T is smaller . 002 10.0 points Entropy is a state function. 1. True correct 2. False Explanation: State functions are denoted by capital ized letters. They are P (ressure), V (olume), T (emperature), S (entropy), G (ibbs Free en ergy), H (enthalpy). The change in the value of a state function is independent of the path taken. 003 10.0 points Place the following in order of increasing en tropy. 1. gas, solid, and liqiud 2. solid, gas, and liqiud 3. gas, liqiud, and solid 4. liqiud, solid, and gas 5. solid, liquid, and gas correct Explanation: Entropy ( S ) is high for systems with high degrees of freedom, disorder or randomness and low for systems with low degrees of free dom, disorder or randomness. S (g) > S ( ) > S (s) . 004 10.0 points Which substance has the lower molar en tropy? 1. Unable to determine 2. KCl(s) at 298 K and 1.00 atm correct 3. KCl(aq) at 298 K and 1.00 atm 4. They are the same Explanation: KCl(aq) has ions distributed more ran domly in solution than ions localized in a crystal lattice, hence a higher molar entropy. 005 10.0 points Calculate the standard entropy of vaporiza tion of ethanol at its boiling point 352 K. The standard molar enthalpy of vaporization of ethanol at its boiling point is 40.5 kJ mol 1 . 1. 115 J K 1 mol 1 2. +40.5 kJ K 1 mol 1 3. +513 J K 1 mol 1 4. 40.5 kJ K 1 mol 1 5. +115 J K 1 mol 1 correct Explanation: H vap = 40500 J mol 1 T BP = 352 K S cond = q T = H con T BP = H vap T BP = 40500 J mol 1 352 K = +115 . 057 J mol 1 K 1 006 10.0 points solis (nrs545) H12: Thermo 2 McCord (53130) 2 Assuming that the heat capacity of an ideal gas is independent of temperature, what is the entropy change associated with lowering the temperature of 5 . 78 mol of ideal gas atoms from 104 . 92 C to 44 . 04 C at constant vol ume? Correct answer: 36 . 123 J / K. Explanation: T 1 = 104 . 92 C + 273 = 377 . 92 K T 2 = 44 . 04 C + 273 = 228 . 96 K n = 5 . 78 mol R = 8 . 314 J K mol At constant volume, dq = nC V dT , so dS = dq T = nC V dT T integraldisplay dS = nC V integraldisplay dT T S = nC V ln parenleftbigg T 2 T 1 parenrightbigg For an ideal monatomic gas C V = 3 2 R , so S = (5 . 78 mol) 3 2 parenleftbigg 8 . 314 J K mol parenrightbigg ln parenleftbigg 228 . 96 K 377 . 92 K parenrightbigg = 36 . 123 J / K ....
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2010 for the course CH 301 taught by Professor Fakhreddine/lyon during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.
 Spring '07
 Fakhreddine/Lyon
 Chemistry

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