DP_family-1

DP_family-1 - Final Exam: Bring IDs The Family as a...

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The Family as a Developmental Context Final Exam: Bring IDs
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Functions of Families in Child Rearing The most fundamental function is to ensure the survival of offspring by providing for their needs Families also serve an economic function by providing the means for children to acquire the skills and other resources they will need to be economically productive as adults In addition, families provide cultural training by teaching children the basic values of the culture
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Things to consider when thinking about the role of the family The family is the first social context child encounters Role of siblings (or lack of them) Role of extended families Non-“traditional” families divorce adoption gay/lesbian parents How changing situations affect family functioning
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Families are social systems Complex (and constantly evolving) network of relationships, interactions, and patterns of influence that characterize a family
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Effects from family members Direct Effects = instances where any pair of family members affects and is affected by each other’s behavior Indirect Effects = instances where the relationship between 2 individuals in a family is modified by the behavior or attitudes of a 3rd family member every person will affect relationship & dynamics of whole family The family is a system that is more than just a sum of the parts
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The Family as a System The family systems approach emphasizes the RECIPROCAL influence family members have on each other. For example: Parents influence children Children influence the behavior and child rearing strategies of their parents Children influence parent interactions Marital relationship influences children Parent 1 influences parent 2/child interaction
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Consider a nuclear family: Wife/mother, Husband/father, dependent children Parents’ Relationship Child Behavior & Development Parenting
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Parenting Styles Parenting behaviors and attitudes set the emotional climate of parent-child interactions Two particularly important dimensions of parenting style: The degree of parental warmth, support, and acceptance versus parental rejection and nonresponsiveness The degree of parental control and demandingness Diana Baumrind identified four styles of parenting related to these dimensions of support and control
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Baumrind’s Parenting Styles Supportive Parent is accepting and child- centered Unsupportive Parent is rejecting and parent-centered Demanding Parent expects much of child Authoritative Parenting Relationship is reciprocal, responsive; high in bidirectional communication Authoritarian Parenting Relationship is controlling, power-assertive; high in unidirectional communication Undemanding Parent expects little of child Permissive Parenting Relationship is indulgent; low in control attempts Disengaged Parenting Relationship is rejecting or neglecting; uninvolved
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2010 for the course PSYCH 120B taught by Professor Shams during the Spring '09 term at UCLA.

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DP_family-1 - Final Exam: Bring IDs The Family as a...

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