DP_lecture_Constructivism-1

DP_lecture_Constructivism-1 - Cognitive Development...

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Cognitive Development Constructivism: Piaget
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Cognition Knowing & the process of acquiring knowledge Includes: attention perception learning thinking memory
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Cognitive Development Changes in knowledge that are age- related
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A Constructivist Approach Children are seen as Active Learning many important lessons on their own Intrinsically motivated to learn Jean Piaget’s theory remains the standard against which all other theories are judged Often labeled constructivist because it depicts children as constructing knowledge for themselves Infants have basic building blocks… from here, they can build a whole lot of knowledge
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Piaget Interested in how children gain knowledge (as opposed to Core KnowledgeTheories) Intelligence: a basic life function enables an organism to adapt to its environment
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What is Intelligence? Comes in the form of schemes organized pattern of thought Organized ways of making sense of experience Change with age Action-based (motor patterns) at first Later move to a mental (thinking) level Behavioral Scheme = pattern of behavior used to represent an experience Symbolic Scheme = internal mental symbols used to represent an experience Operational Scheme = internal mental activity performed on objects of thought
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What is intelligence (cont)? A match between thought processes & one’s environment: Cognitive Equilibrium What if there is a mismatch?
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Piaget believed cognitive development was propelled forward by 2 natural tendencies: Adaptation: The tendency to respond to the demands of the environment to meet one’s goals Organization: The tendency to integrate particular observations into coherent knowledge
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Sources of Continuity Three processes work together from birth to propel development forward Assimilation: The process by which people translate incoming information into a form they can understand Accommodation : The process by which people adapt current knowledge structures in response to new experiences Equilibration: The process by which people balance assimilation and accommodation to create stable understanding
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Equilibrium Assimilation? Accommodation
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2010 for the course PSYCH 120B taught by Professor Shams during the Spring '09 term at UCLA.

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DP_lecture_Constructivism-1 - Cognitive Development...

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